saakaara (sa-aakaara). With form.
saakaara-upasana (-upaasana). You-with-form.
saakha (shaakha). Limb, branch.
saakthopasana (shaakthopaasana). Worship of the feminine aspect of the divine.
saama. Also saamana. Particular kind of sacred hymn; song from the Sama-veda.; chanting.
Saaswatha (shaashvatha). Eternal.
Sabari (Shabaree). A woman ascetic living in the hermitage of her teacher, Sage Mathanga; Rama gave her salvation.
sabda (shabdha). Sound.
sabdopasana (shabdhopaasana). Contemplation, meditation on sound.
sabha. Assembly hall.
sadasat (sadha-sath). Existent-nonexistent.
sadbhava (sadhbhaava). Goodness, good nature.
sadbuddhi (sadh-buddhi). Good sense.
saddharma. True dharma or righteousness.
sadguna (sadh-guna). Good character, virtue.
sadguru (sadh-guru). True teacher to be followed.
sadhachara (sadhaachaara). Good conduct.
sadhaka (saadhaka). Spiritual aspirant.
sadhana (saadhana). Spiritual discipline or exercise; self effort.
sadhana chathushtaya (saadhana chathushthaya). Four disciplines.
sadhgathi. Good path.
sadhu (saadhu). Virtuous, wise aspirant; pious or righteous person.
sadhu-guna (saadhu-guna). Virtuous quality.
sadhvimani (saadhveemani). Virtuous woman.
sadvakya (sadhvaakya). Divine maxim on Absolute Reality.
sadyomukthi (sadhyomukthi). Instantaneous liberation.
sagara (saagara). Ocean.
Sagara. Ancient emperor of Ayodhya; son of Asitha and father of Aswamanja.
sagara-sangama (saagara-samgama). Place where a river joins the ocean.
sa-guna. With qualities, with form, materialized.
sa-gunopasana (-gunopasana). Worship of the qualified divinity.
Sahadeva (Sahadheva). One of the Pandava brothers.
Sahadeva (Sahadheva). King of Ikshvaku dynasty; son of Srinjaya and father of Somadatta.
sahaja. Innate, inborn, natural.
sahaja-bhakthi. Natural true devotion.
sahaja-swabhava (-svabhaava). Innate nature.
sahana. Tolerance, fortitude.
sahas. Power, victory, strength.
sahasam (saahasam). Adventurous, courageous quality.
sahasra-nama (-naama). 1000 names of Siva or Vishnu.
Saibya (Shaibya). Also named Sathyakama.
Saivopasana (Shaivopaasana). Siva worship.
sajjana. Wise, virtuous people.
sakalaiswarya (sakalaishvarya). Supreme lordship; all powers and potencies.
Sakalya-brahmana (Shakalya-braahmana). Part of collection systematized by sage Sakalya.
sakama-karma (sakaama-karma). Karma with expectation to reap fruit for oneself.
Sakatasura (Shakataasura). Demon sent by Kamsa in the form of a cart to kill Krishna; Krishna kicked the cart to pieces.
Sakkubai. A famous Krishna devotee.
sakshat-kara (saakshaath-kaara). Divine spiritual experience or vision; direct exerience of the Lord.
sakshi (saakshi). Witness.
sakthi (shakthi). Great universal power, divine energy, strength.
Sakthi (Shakthi). Female consort of Siva. Also, a weapon given by Brahma to Meghanada, who used it on Lakshmana.
sakthi-path (shakthi-paath). Descent of divine energy.
salokya-mukthi. Being in the same plane or world of God consciousness.
Salya (Shalya). Kaurava king of Madhra.
sama (saama). Quiet persuasion, good counsel.
sama (shama). Control of the senses, peace, equanimity, tranquility.
sama-chithathwam (-chitthatthvam). Equanimitous or balanced state.
sama-dhana (samaa-dhaana). Mind control by equanimity.
samadhi (samaadhi). Literally, total absorption. State of super consciousness resulting in union with or absorption in the ultimate reality, the Atma; perfect equanimity.
sama-drishti (-dhrishti). The act of looking on all equally or impartially.
samana (samaana). Digestive air; even breath.
Samamithra. Equal Friend. A name for Agni, the God of Fire.
samanvaya. Mutual connection, harmonizing factor.
sama-rasa. Enjoyment in equanimity.
samashti. Collective aggregate of individual parts; integrated whole.
samatha. Equal-mindedness, harmony, agreement.
samatha-buddhi (samathaa-buddhi). Balanced state of intellect.
sama-thwam (-thvam). Equanimity of outlook.
samathwa-sthithi (samathva-sthithi). State of equanimity.
Samavarthana. Ceremony for completion of studenthood.
Sama-veda (Saama-vedha). Collection of Vedic hymns appropriate for singing as liturgies.Sambara (Shambara). Leader of the demons who possessed great magical powers; killed by Dasaratha.
Sambara (Shambara). Demon son of Hiranyaksha who was a great adept in magic; killed by Krishna.
sambhasana (sambhaashana). Speech, conversation, dialogue.
samdhanakarini (samdhaanakarini). Healing mixture used for Lakshmana.
samhitha. Collection of methodically arranged verses or text; continuous text of the Vedas as formed out of the separate words by proper phonetic changes.
Samhitha. Sama-veda. samhitha literally means "collection".
Samika (Shameeka). Sage around whose neck Parikshith wrapped a dead snake.
samipya-mukthi (saameepya-mukthi). Being close to the Divinity, the glory of the Lord.
samithpaani. Holding the sacrificial fire.
Samkarshana. Name for Balarama, Krishna's brother.
Sammohana. Rama's arrow that deluded the enemy.
sampath. Also sampatthi. Wealth, treasure, excellence, virtue.
Sampathi (Sampaathi). Huge, aged eagle brother of the noble Jatayu.
samsara (samsaara). The objective world; sea of change; cycle of birth and death; transmigration.
samsara-vriksha (samsaara-vriksha). Tree of worldly illusion.
samskara (samskaara). Inborn desire, mental impression of acts done in former state of existence. Purificatory ceremony or sacrament.
samthusthi (samthushthi). Total contentment.
samudra (samudhra). Ocean.
Samvarga-vidya (-vidhyaa). Science of absorption.
sam-yag-dharshana. Complete perception or vision of the truth; perfect spiritual knowledge; highest non-dual realization of Self.
sam-yak. Right, correct, true, integral.
sam-yama. Self control.
Sanaka. A rishi, one of four mental sons of the Creator, Brahma.
Sananda (Sanandha). A rishi, one of four mental sons of the Creator, Brahma, (the others are Sanathana, Sanatkumara, and Sanaka).
sanathana (sanaathana). Ancient and also eternal.
Sanathana (Sanaathana). One of the four mental sons of the Creator Brahma.
Sanathana Dharma (Sanaathana Dharma). Eternal Universal Religion.
Sanathana Sarathi (Sanaathana Saarathi). Literally, "eternal charioteer". The monthly magazine published by the Sri Sathya Sai Baba Books and Publications Trust.
sanathana vidya (sanaathana vidhyaa). Spiritual education.
Sanatkumara (Sanathkumaara). One of the four sons of Brahma.
Sanatsujatha (Sanathsujaatha). Name for Sanatkumara.
sanchitha. Stored karma, which is being worked out over several lifetimes.
sandeha (sandheha). Doubt.
sandesha (sandhesha). Instruction, message, information.
sandhya. Early morning, noon, evening; conjunction of time periods.
sandhya-vandana (-vandhana). Morning, noon, or evening prayers.
Sandilya-vidya (Shaandilya-vidhyaa). Science of devotion given by the great sage Sandilya.
Sandipani (Saandheepani). Krishna's preceptor.
Saneeswara (Shaneeshvara). Ruler of Saturn.
sanga-buddhi. Mind with strong attachments.
Sanjaya. An advisor to the blind King Dhritharashtra.
sanjivakarini (sanjeevakarin). Antidote, potion causing life.
Sanjivi (Sanjeevi) Hill. Hill containing life-giving herbs for healing, located in the Drona Mountains.
sankalpa. Will, resolve.
sankalpa-siddha. Master of will.
Sankara (Shankara). Name for Siva.
Sankara (Shankara). Celebrated philosopher, preceptor of non-dualistic Vedanta. Defeated all religious opponents in debates throughout India.
Sankaracharya (Shankaraachaarya). Sankara the spiritual teacher.
Sankasya (Sankaasya). Kingdom of ancient India; capital city of Kushadwaja, who was Sita's uncle.
sankata (sankatha). Grief, danger, difficulty.
sankha (shankha). Conch.
sankhya (saankhya). One of six leading systems of spiritual Vedic philosophy, attributed to sage Kapila. Its chief object is the emancipation of the soul from the bonds of worldly existence.
sankhya. Measurement, calculation, number.
sankhyan (saankhyan). One who believes in or propounds the sankhya system of thought.
sanmarga (sanmaarga). Good conduct.
santha (shaantha). A person of inner peace.
Santha (Shaanthaa). Daughter of King Romapada who wed the sage Rishyasringa.
santha-bhaktha (shaantha-bhaktha). Peaceful devotee.
santha-bhakthi (shaantha-bhakthi). Peaceful devotion.
santham (shaantham). Equanimity, serenity, tranquility.
santha-mantra (shaantha-manthra). Mantra for peace.
santhi (shaanthi). Peace, equanimity, serenity, tranquility.
santhi-swarupa (shaanthi-svaruupa). Embodiment of peace.
santhosha. Peace, contentment, happiness.
sanyasa (sanyaasa). Renunciation-detachment, mendicancy.
sanyasa-dharma (sanyaasa-dharma). Dharma for a renunciate.
sanyasi (sanyaasi). Also sanyasin. Renunciant, mendicant.
Sarabhanga (Sharabhanga). A sage blessed with immolation in Rama's presence.
Sarada Devi (Saaradhaa Dhevee). Saintly wife of Ramakrishna, called the "holy mother".
saradkala (sharathkaala). Also sharath. Autumn.
Sarama (Saramaa). Wife of Vibhishana.
saranagathi (sharanaagathi). Absolute self-surrender.
Sarangi (Shaarangee). A female adept who was well versed in Brahmic wisdom.
Saraswathi (Sarasvathee). An underground river, originating in the upper Indus river basin and joining the Ganga and Yamuna rivers at Prayag or Allahabad.
Saraswathi (Sarasvathee). Goddess of learning and eloquence, a daughter of Brahma.
sarathi (saarathi). Charioteer.
Sarayu (Sarayuu). Stream flowing by Ayodhya, Rama's city of birth.
sarira (shareera). Body.
saririka (shaareerika). All the components of the embodied Atma.
sarpastra (sarpaasthra). Serpent arrow.
sarpi. Clarified butter or ghee.
Sarpi. Sea of Ghee.
sarupya-mukthi (saaruupya-mukthi). Having the same form of Divinity.
sarva. All, every.
sarva-adhara (-aadhaara). Basis of all.
Sarva-antaryaami. Indweller in all, the universal Self.
sarva-antaryamithwa (-antharyamithva). All-pervasiveness.
sarva-butha-anthar-atma (-bhuutha-anthar-aathma). Inner reality or self in all beings.
sarva-dharma. All feelings of obligations and responsibilities, of rights and duties.
sarva-jana. All people.
sarva-jana-samaana. Equality of all people.
sarva-karma-phala. The fruit of all karma.
sarva-karma-sanyas (-sanyaas). Withdrawal from all activity.
sarva-kriya-parithyaga (-parithyaaga). Renunciation of all action.
sarva-loka-hitha. Universal good; benefit of whole world.
sarva-manava-sukha (sarva-maanava-sukha). Welfare of all human beings.
sarva-mangala. Universal welfare, joy, victory.
sarvangaasana. Shoulder stand involving the lifting of all limbs.
sarva-saktha (-shaktha). All-powerful.
sarva-swarupee (-svaruupee). All forms.
Sarvatmaswarupa (Sarvaathma-svaruupa). Total being or nature, universal soul.
sarva-vyapi (-vyaapi). Present everywhere, all pervading.
Sarveswara (Sarveshvara). The Lord of all.
Sarveswara-chinthana (Sarveshvara-chinthana). Contemplation of the Lord.
Sasibindus (Shashibindhus). Descendents of King Sasabindu, son of Chithraratha.
sastra (shaasthra). Holy scripture; sacred text; that which commands, orders, directs with authority.
sastric (shaasthrik). Relating to the scriptures.
sat (sath). Existence, being, good, real.
satchidananda (sath-chith-aanandha). Existence-knowledge-bliss, or being-awareness-bliss.
sat-guna (sath-guna). Virtuous quality.
Sathadhanva (Shathadhanva). Yadava king. He stole a famous gem, killing its owner, and Krishna and Balarama then killed him.
Sathananda (Shathaanandha). Son of Gautama and Ahalya; high priest of Janaka, who officiated at Rama and Sita's wedding.
Sathapatha Brahmana (Shathapatha Braahmana). One of the Brahmana texts of the Veda.
Satha-rupa (Shatha-ruupaa). Feminine counterpart of Swayambhuva Manu. Means hundred faceted or most beautiful.
sath-bodha. Good teaching.
sath-darshan (-dharshan). Correct vision.
sath-karma. Good actions.
sath-purusha (-puruusha). Wise man.
sath-sang. Good company.
sath-seela (sath-sheela). Good conduct, behaviour.
sathwa (satthva). Purity, calmness, serenity, joy, strength, goodness. Associated with colour white. See guna.
sathwa-guna (satthva-guna). Quality of purity, calmness, serenity, joy, goodness, strength. Associated with colour white. See guna.
sathwic (saatthvik). Adjective form of sathwa; serene, pure, good, balanced.
sathwic manas (saatthvik manas). Awakened conscience; literally, pure mind.
sathwic marga (saatthvika maarga). Path of serenity, purity, balance, goodness.
sathya-achara (-aachaara). Living a truthful life.
Sathya-bama (-bhaama). One of the wives of Krishna.
sathya-dharma. Law of truth, practice of truth.
sathya-jivi (-jeevi). True soul.
sathya-jnana (-jnaana). Wisdom concerning the Reality, Truth.
sathya-kama (sathya-kaama). Desirous of Truth.
Sathyakama (Sathyakaama). Noble hermit son of Jabali.
Sathyakama (Sathyakaama). Noble hermit son of Sibi and disciple of Pippalada. Also named Shaibya.
sathya-loka. Realm of truth.
sathya-sankalpa. True Resolve.
sathya-swarupa (-svaruupa). Embodiment of truth.
sathya-vathi. Truth-based, truthful.
Sathya-vathi (-vathee). Sister of Viswamitra.
Sathya-yuga. Age of truth; first of the four yugas.
Satrughna (Shathrughna). Sumitra's son, twin of Lakshmana and brother of Rama. The name means "slayer of enemies".
Satrunjaya (Shathrunjaya). Dasaratha's elephant.
saumya. Gentle, soft.
sauvarnakarini. The golden remedy for disease.
savam (shavam). Corpse, tomb.
sa-vichara (-vichaara). With deliberation and reasoning or enquiry.
sa-vikalpa. With differentiated ideation, thoughts of difference.
sa-vikalpa-ananda (-aanandha). Bliss of the highest subject-object contact.
sa-vikalpa-samadhi (-samaadhi). Subject-object type of superconscious state.
sa-vitharka. With logical argumentation.
Savithri (Saavithree). Brought husband back to life by outwitting Yama, the Lord of Death, by her power of purity and chastity.
sayujya (saayujya). Union, merger with the Divine.
sayujya-mukthi (saayujya-mukthi). Union-with-God liberation.
Sigaraga (Sheegharaga). Son of Agnivarna and father of Maru.
seetha-agni. Cold fire.
sesha (shesha). Divine serpent.
Sesha-Naga (Shesha-Naaga). See Adisesha.
seva. Selfless service; service to others while trying to serve the God within them.
sevak. One who engages in service; server; worshipper.
seva-yajna. The sacrifice of selfless service.
shad. Root form of sitting, also destroying.
sharanam-vraja. Take refuge; resort to self-surrender.
Shirdi Sai Baba. First of the triple incarnation consisting of Shirdi Sai Baba, Sathya Sai Baba, and Prema Sai Baba. He passed away in 1918.
Shuddhodhaka. Sea of Pure Water.
Shyamasundar (Shyaamasundhar). Name for Krishna.
Sibi (Shibi). Emperor of India, noted for generosity; offered pound of own flesh to save Agni in the form of a dove from Indra in the form of a hawk.
siddha. Accomplished, achieved, fulfilled, successful.
siddhaasana. Perfect sitting posture.
siddhantha (siddhaantha). Authoritative texts; established tenet or doctrine.
siddha-purusha. One who has attained the highest goal of spiritual exercise, a perfected yogi.
Siddhasram (Siddhaashrama). A hermitage shown to Rama and Lakshmana by Viswamitra.
siddhatha (siddhaatha). Conclusion.
siddhi. Perfection; yogic power.
Sikhari (Shikharee). Mace given to Rama by Viswamitra.
siksha (shikshaa). Instruction, learning, knowledge, phonetics instruction, teaching.
sikshaka (shikshaka). Teacher.
sikshana (shikshana). Learning.
Sikh-upasana (-upaasana). Sikh mode of worship.
Simhalagna. Zodiacal sign of the lion.
Simhika (Simhikaa). A giant ogress, who tried to stop Hanuman on his jump to Lanka.
Sindhu. Indus river; one of two main Indian river systems. Persians called the whole country Hindu from this river name. Originates in Kasmir and joins Arabian Sea in Karachi.
Sindhuranatha (Sindhuranaatha). Minister of Ravana.
Singh. Govind Singh. (16661708) Tenth and last guru of the Sikh religion.
siras (shiras). Head.
sishya (shishya). Pupil, student, disciple.
Sisupala (Shishupaala). Demon who merged with the Lord when slain by Krishna.
sita (seetha). Furrow.
Sita (Seethaa). Wife of Rama; brought up by King Janaka who found her in a box in the earth. Also, a tributary of the Ganga, flowing westward.
siva. (shiva). Also sivam. Temple, the divine; refers to Siva. Also, grace, auspiciousness, goodness.
Siva (Shiva). Destroyer in the trinity of Brahma (the Creator), Vishnu (the Preserver), and Siva. The embodiment of spiritual wisdom and God of Gods, Mahadeva.
Sivalingam (Shivalingam). See lingam.
Sivanandalahari (Shivaanandhalahari). Spiritual poetic work in adoration of Siva by Sankaracharya.
Siva Purana (Shiva Puurana). One of the Puranas.
Sivoham (Shivoham). I am Siva, or Divine.
Skanda (Skandha). Siva's son Subrahmanya.
Skanda Purana (Skaandha Puraana). One of the eighteen Puranas, the epic story of Skanda.
sloka (shloka). Verse.
smarana. Remembering the name of the Lord.
smrithi. Code of law; traditional law delivered by human authors.
sneha. Affection, tenderness, love.
soham. I am God.
Somadatta (Somadhattha). King of Ikshvaku dynasty; son of Sahadeva and father of Kakuthstha.
Somaka. Demon who forbade the mention of God's name.
Sona. Famous holy river in the Puranas; known as Sumagadhi. Identified with the Sone river in Bihar State of modern India.
soucha (shoucha). Also soucham. Purity, cleanliness.
soukhya. Happiness, contentment.
Sounaka (Shaunaka). Renowned sage; teacher of Aswalayana and author of Brihad Devatha and Rig-veda Pratishakhya.
Souryayani (Sauryaayani). Grandson of Surya, born in the family of Garga (and hence called Gargya).
sparsa (sparsha). Touch, contact.
sraddha (shraddha). Faith.
srama (shrama). Burden.
sramika (shraamika). Labourer.
sravana (shraavana). Listening to discourses on the scriptures.
Sravana (Shraavana). Son of hermits; was killed accidentally by Dasaratha, who was cursed by Sravana's parents to die from loss of children.
sree (shree). Success, good fortune, welfare.
sreyas (shreyas). Blessedness, ultimate good.
sreyokarma (shreyokarma). Actions that liberate.
sreyomarga (shreyomaarga). Path of fulfillment.
Sri (Shree). Honorific prefix to the name of deities; respectful title of venerated persons and celebrated works.
srimantha (shreemantha). Prosperous person.
Sringi (Shringi). Son of sage Samika.
Sringivera (Shringivera). Capital city, near the Ganga, of kingdom ruled by Guha.
Sringiverapuram (Shringiverapuram). Sacred place ruled by King Guha of Nishada.
Srinjaya. King of Ikshvaku dynasty; son of Dumraswa and father of Sahadeva.
srishti (srishthi). Creation.
srishti-kartha (srishthi-kartha). Author of this universe, this creation.
srothra (shrothra). Ear.
srotriyas (shrothriyas). Those versed in the Vedas; strict followers of Vedic culture.
Srutha-keerthi (Shrutha-keerthee). Wife of Satrughna, daughter of Kushadwaja, and niece of Janaka.
sruthi (shruthi). Sacred revelations orally transmitted by brahmins from generation to generation, differing from traditional law codes (smrithi). Divinely sourced scripture; Veda; divine words known by revelation; that which was heard or listened to.
Sruthi (Shruthi). A name for Veda.
Sruthyam (Shruthyam). Wealth of intuitive wisdom by which the Lord is obtained in accordance with the Vedas.
sthaavara. The fixed, stationary.
sthana (sthaana). State, setting of boundaries.
sthira. Steady, firm, fixed, permanent.
sthira-sukha-aasanam. Steady, comfortable sitting posture for meditation.
sthitha-prajna. Person of steady integral spiritual wisdom.
sthithi. Preservation, staying, abiding. Also a state, position, condition.
sthula (sthuula). Gross, material, superficial.
stotra (sthothra). Hymn of praise of God.
stri-dharma (sthree-dharma). Dharma for women.
Subahu (Subaahu). One of two sons of the demoness Thataki, the other being Maricha. Also son of Satrughna who killed the demon Lavana's sons
subha (shubha). Good, beautiful, auspicious.
subha-drishti (shubha-dhrishti). Auspicious vision.
Subhadra (Subhadhraa). Younger sister of Krishna and wife of Arjuna.
subham (shubham). Hurrah, welcome, good, auspicious.
subhamasthu (shubhamasthu). Be well.
Subha Yogini (Shubha Yogeenee). Female yogi in the Mahabharatha.
subhecha (shubhecchaa). Yearning for one's spiritual welfare; the first stage of higher knowledge (Jnana Bhumika).
Subhikshu. Tributary of the Ganga, flowing west.
Suchandra (Suchandhra). King of Ikshvaku dynasty; Hemachandra's son and father of Dumraswa.
Sudakshina (Sudhakshinaa). Magadhan wife of King Dilipa.
Sudarsana (Sudharshana). Son of Pravardha and father of Agnivarna.
suddha (shuddha). Pure.
suddha sathwa (shuddha satthva). Pure consciousness.
suddhi (shuudhi). Purity.
Sudeva (Sudhevaa). King Kasi's daughter and Nabhaga's wife.
Sudhama (Sudhaama). Respected minister of Janaka.
Sudhanva. Evil king of Sankasya.
su-dharshan. True vision.
Sudhavasu. Son of Mithi, who founded Mithila.
su-dhee. Person of pure intellect.
sudra (shuudhra). Labourer, the fourth caste of workers. See Caste.
Sudrithi (Sudhrithi). Son of Mahavira and father of Dhrishtakethu.
Sugriva (Sugreeva). Monkey-king, brother of Vali; with his army of monkeys headed by Hanuman, assisted Rama in defeating Ravana.
su-jnana (-jnaana). Good knowledge, ability to distinguish right from wrong.
su-jnani (-jnaani). Wise person.
Suka (Shuka). Divine son of author of the Mahabharatha, Vyasa. Visited King Janaka, who instructed him in the path to liberation. Also, a messenger of Ravana.
Sukesa (Sukesha). A sage, the son of Bharadwaja.
Sukethu. Yaksha father of Thataki. Son of the Gandharvas King Surakshaka.
Sukethu. Son of Nandivardhana and father of Devaratha.
sukha-swabhava (svabhaava). Happy-natured.
sukla (shukla). White.
sukla-paksha (shukla-paksha). The bright fortnight.
Sukla Yajur Veda (Shukla Yaajur Vedha). One part of the Yajur-veda, promoted by Yajnavalkya.
sukshma (suukshma). Subtle; small; that which expands.
sukta (suuktha). Hymn.
Sulabha Yogeenee (Sulabhaa Yogini). Female mendicant in Mahabharatha.
Sulochana. Wife of Meghanada.
Sumagadhi (Sumaagadhi). Name for the Sona river.
Sumanthra. Court priest and prime minister of Dasaratha.
sumathi (sumathee). Person with good intelligence.
Sumathi (Sumathee). Wife of Sagara and daughter of Arishtanemi.
Sumathi. King of Ikshvaku dynasty and son of Kakuthstha.
Sumathi Sathaka (Sumathee Shathaka). Name of a Telugu poetic work on ethics.
Sumeru Peak. Also Mahameru. The golden-coloured peak of the Himalayas; the seat of Siva.
Sumitra (Sumithraa). Second wife of Dasaratha and mother of Lakshmana and Satrughna.
Sunaka (Shunaka). King in the Solar Dynasty.
Sunayana (Sunayanaa). Wife of King Janaka.
Sunda (Sundha). Very cruel asura or demon; brother of Upasunda and husband of Thataki.
sundaram (sundharam). Beauty.
Sunila (Suneela). A mountain where Rama camped in Lanka.
sunya (shuunya). Emptiness; void.
Suparna. Son of the eagle Sampathi.
sura (suraa). Liquor.
Sura (Suraa). Sea of Wine.
Surasa (Surasaa). Mother of naga (serpents).
Surasena (Shuurasena). The father of Vasudeva and Krishna's grandfather. Also, the state over which they ruled.
Surdas (Suurdhaas). A great blind devotee of Krishna.
Sureswaracharya (Sureshvaraachaarya). One of the foremost disciples of Sankaracharya.
Surpanakha (Shuurpanakhaa). Ravana's wicked sister.
surya (suurya). The sun.
Surya (Suurya). The sun god, the father of time. A name for the sun. Also, son of Kasyapa and father of Manu.
Surya-deva (Suurya-dheva). Same as Surya; Sun.
surya-loka (suurya-loka). Region of the solar principle.
Surya-narayana-murthi (Suurya-naaraayana-muurthi). The sun-god personified.
Surya-narayana (Suurya-naaraayana). Sun-god.
Susandhi. Son of Yuvanaswa and father of Daivasandhi and Prasenajit.
Sushena. A monkey under Sugriva's command, Also a physician of Lanka.
Sushrutha. Author of the science of surgery; held in great esteem in ayur-vedic medicine.
sushumna (sushumnaa). Nerve current passing through the spinal column from the basal plexus (muladhara) to the crown of the head (sahasrara).
sushupti (sushupthi). Deep sleep state.
Sutha (Suutha). Disciple of the great sage Vyasa.
Suthala. Region of great depth; third region under the earth.
Sutheekshna. A hermit whom Rama and Sita visited in the forest; brother of Agastya.
sutra (suuthra). Concise rule or aphorism; that which, through a few words only, reveals vast meanings; text consisting of aphorisms or maxims; a thread; something, like a thread, that runs through and holds everything together.
sutradhari (suuthradhaari). Director of the play.
swaaha (svaaha). Expression used for auspiciousness while making oblations.
Swaaha Devi (Svaahaa Dhevee). The deity who is invoked by the word swaaha, the wife of Agni, the God of Fire. She is the power of digestion.
swaahutham (svaahutham). Well digested, well sacrificed.
swa-bhava (sva-bhaava). Essential nature, essence, reality, truth.
swadha (svadhaa). Benediction used when presenting oblations to forefathers.
swa-dharma (sva-dharma). One's own dharma or duty.
swa-dharma-nishta (sva-dharma-nishtha). Devotion to one's duty.
swadhyaya (svaadhyaaya). Study of religious scriptures, especially the Vedas.
Swadhyaya (Svaadhyaaya). A name for Veda; self study; study of self.
swadhyaya-yajna (svaadhyaaya-yajna). Self study of scriptures.
swa-karma (sva-karma). Own destiny or fate.
swapna (svapna). Dream state.
swapna-avastha (svapna-avastha). Dream state.
swara (svara). Musical notation.
swa-rajya (sva-raajya). Self-rule.
swarga (svarga). Heaven.
swarloka (svar-loka). Celestial plane, heaven.
swartha (sva-artha). A person's own interest; selfishness.
swa-rupa (sva-ruupa). Form, essential nature, true nature of Being.
swa-rupa-naasa (sva-ruupa-naashaa). Destruction of the agitations, including their shapes and forms.
swa-swarupa (sva-svaruupa). One's true nature.
swa-tantra (sva-thanthra). Freedom.
swayam-bhu (svayam-bhu). Self-emergent.
swayam-jyothi (svayam-jyothi). Self-illuminating.
Swayam-prabha (Svayam-prabhaa). Celibate daughter of Maya, a demoness.
swayam-prakasa (svayam-prakaasha). Self-illuminating.
swayam-vara (svayam-vara). Festival for choice of bridegroom.
swedaja (svedhaja). Sweat-born.
Swethakethu (Shvethakethu). A great sage; the first person to argue aginst the evils of drinking and adultery by the brahmins; son of Uddalaka.