taijas (thaijas). Splendid, luminous (from tejas).
taijasa (thaijasa). Entity associated with dream state composed of mind, intellect, five vital airs, five senses of perception, and the five elements; the experiencer of the dream or subconscious state, "light" of the subconscious.
Taithiriya Brahmana (Thaitthireeya Braahmana). One of the Brahmana texts of the Yajur-veda.
Taithiriya Upanishad (Thaitthireeya Upanishath). One of the ten most important Upanishads; it is the philosophical portion of the Black Yajur-veda; the other part is called the White Yajur-veda.
Takshaka (Thakshaka). Fierce demon-serpent, who bit Parikshith and killed him.
tantra (thanthra). Means and methods of utilizing the mantras for one's own good.
tantric (thaanthrik). Relating to tantra.
tapas (thapas). Concentrated spiritual exercises to attain God, penance, severe austerities.
tapasvi (thapasvi). Ascetic.
tapoja (thapoja). Born of asceticism (tapas).
tapoloka (thapoloka). World of virtue; sixth of the Upper Worlds.
tapoyajna (thapoyajna). Ascetic sacrifice.
taptha (thaptha). Hot.
Tara (Thaaraa). Vali's wife.
tarka (tharka). Philosophical system based on reasoning or logic.
tejas (thejas). Spiritual power, splendour.
tejorupam (thejoruupam). Effulgent form.
thaapathraya. Threefold afflictions.
thadbhaktha. (thath-bhaktha). Profound devotion and love to Him.
Thaksha. Bharatha's son.
thalaathala. Bottomless pit; fourth region under the earth.
thaladi-ghosha (thaalaadhi-ghosha). Clapping sound.
Thalajanghas (Thaalajanghas). Sons of the valiant Thalajangha, who is one of the five sons of the famed emperor Karthvirya.
Thalavakara (Thalavakaara). A branch of the Sama-veda.
Thalavakaropanishad (Thalavakaaropanishath). Name for Kena Upanishad.
thamas. Dullness, ignorance, delusion, inactivity, passivity, inertia, sloth. Associated with colour black. See guna.
Thamasa (Thamasaa). River that flows into the Ganga; Valmiki's ashram was on it.
thamasah parasthaath. Beyond the realm of darkness; divine realm.
thamasic (thaamasik). Adjective form of thamas, dull, ignorant, passive.
thamasika-marga (thaamasika-maarga). Path of ignorance and passivity.
thamoguna. Quality of dullness, ignorance, delusion, inactivity, inertia, sloth. Associated with colour black. See guna.
thanmanas. Turning mind to God, seeing Him in every being.
than-mathra (-maathra). Atomic, subtleness.
thanumanasi (thanumaanasi). State of attenuated body consciousness.
thapovana. Sacred grove in which religious austerities are practised, hermitage.
tharka. Philosophical system based on reasoning or logic.
Thataki (Thaatakee). Fierce demoness mother of Maricha and Subahu; wife of Sunda.
thatastha (thathastha). Derivative.
Thath. That, the Godhead.
Thath-swarupa (-svaruupa). The form of Brahman.
Thath twam asi (Thatthvamasi). You are That. One of four great statements expressing the non-difference of individual soul with Brahman, the supreme absolute Self, in Vedantic philosophy.
Thathwa (Thatthva). Principle, truth, essence. That-this entity. Thathwa is regarded as made up of That (Thath) and you (thwam).
Thathwa-bhranthi (Thatthva-bhraanthi). Identification with the That-this entity
thathwa-vith (thatthva-vith). Knower of Reality, That.
thavaiva-aham. I am Thine.
theertham. Sacred bathing place, sacred river spot.
thithi. A lunar day; the moon increases for 15 thithis and decreases for 15.
thithiksha (thitheekshaa). Fortitude, forbearance.
thithiri (thitthiri). Partridge.
Thrayee. Three. Triple sacred science: the first three Vedas: Rig, Yaju, and Sama. Also, a name for Veda, because the Vedas were originally in three parts.
Thretha-yuga (Threthaa-yuga). The second in the cycle of four eras. See yuga.
Thrijata (Thrijataa). A demoness devoted to God and warden of Sita during her imprisonment in Lanka.
thri-karanas. Three instruments: thought (mind), word (mouth), and deed (hand).
thri-muurthi. Three forms, the trinity of Brahma, Vishnu, Siva.
Thrinabindu (Thrinabindhu). Ancient sage and prince.
Thrinavartha (Thrinaavartha). A demon sent by Kamsa to kill infant Krishna; in form of whirlwind, he bore the infant high, but Krishna destroyed him.
Thripura. A phantom city built by Maya (illusion) in the sky, earth, and ether for the demons; it was destroyed by Siva.
Thrisanku (Thrishanku). King for whom Sage Viswamitra created another heaven.
thrishna. Thirst, desire, and associated activity to fulfill desire.
Thrisira (Thrishira). A demon, younger brother of Khara and Dushana.
thuriya (thureeya). "Beyond" stage in samadhi; fourth stage beyond waking, dream, and deep sleep. Superconscious state.
thwam (thvam). Thou, You, This, the individual.
thwam-eva-aham (thvam-eva-aham). I am Thou alone.
thyaga (thyaaga). Sacrifice, renunciation.
thyaga-bhumi (thyaaga-bhuumi). Land of renunciation.
thyaga-kshetra (thyaaga-kshethra). Abode or field of sacrifice.
Thyagaraja (Thyaagaraaja). 18th and 19th century mystic singer/ composer. Leader in Karnatak tradition of classical Indian music. Born in Thanjavur District of south India.
thyagi (thyaagee). Renunciant.
Trinity. Brahma (the Creator), Vishnu (the Preserver), and Siva (the Destroyer).
Tripithaka. The three collections of sacred writings.
Trisanku (Trishanku). Anaranya's son and father of Dhundhumara.
trisula (trishuula). Trident of Siva.
triveni (thriveni). triumvirate (three things).
Triveni (Thriveni). Confluence of the three rivers Ganga, Yamuna, and the subterranean Saraswathi at Prayag.
Trivikrama (Thrivikrama). Three steps.
Tukaram (Thukaaraam). Well-known Maratha 17th century writer. He abandoned the world and became a wandering ascetic.
tulsi (thulasi). Sacred medicinal plant.
Tulsidas (Thulsidhaas). Author of the greatest medieval devotional poetical work concerning the acts of Rama.
udana (udhaana). Breath that moves upward from the throat.
udara-poshana (udhara-poshana). Feeding of the stomach.
udbija (udhbija). Earth-born.
Uddalaka (Uddhaalaka). Hermit-sage father of Swethakethu.
Uddhava. Friend and messenger of Krishna.
udhaaseena-bhava (-bhaava). Stage of disinterestedness, equanimity.
Ugrasena. Son of Ahuka and father of Kamsa.
Uma (Umaa). Daughter of Himavaan; sister of Ganga.
upaasya. Thing worshipped or contemplated.
upadana (upaadhaana). Proximate or material basis.
upadesa (upadhesha). Teaching; advice; initiation; communication of an initiatory mantra or formula.
upadhi (upaadhi). Container, disguise, encasement, limitation.
upanayana (upanaayana). Sacred thread ceremony in which a boy is initiated with a sacred thread and is then qualified to learn Vedas.
Upanishad (Upanishath). Any of a set of most ancient treatises constituting the primary source of Vedanta metaphysics. Principle message is nondualism: unity of Brahman and the Atma.
Upanishadic (Upanishaadhik). Relating to the Upanishads.
upapandavas (upapaandavas). Children of Droupadi; descendents of the Pandavas.
upa-prana (-praana). Subsidiary vital air, belonging to the body.
Upa-puranas (-puraanas). Supplements to the Puranas.
uparathi. Control of mind by withdrawal from senses.
upasaka (upaasaka). Worshiper.
upasana (upaasana). Worship, devotion, meditation practice, acquisition of the presence of the Lord.
upasthaa. Study in proximity of the teacher.
Upasunda (Upasundha). Wicked demon; brother of Sunda.
upavasa (upavaasa). Fast.
Upaveda (Upavedha). Appendix to the Vedas.
upeksha. Detachment; non involvement.
Urmila (Urmilaa). Wife of Lakshmana, daughter of Kushadwaja, and brother of Janaka.
Urvasi (Uurvashi). One of 4 celestial dancers in the court of Indra.
usha. Dawn, early morning.
uthama (utthama). Highest, best.
uthama-purusha (utthama-purusha). Noblest of men.
uthi (uuthi). Arising from one's activity, consequence of one's activity.
uthpatthi. Creation or cause of creation.
utsaha (uthsaaha). Enthusiasm.
uttara (utthara). Later.
Uttara (Utthara). Son of King Virata.
Uttara (Uttharaa). Daughter of Virata, mother of Parikshith, wife of Abhimanyu.
Uttarakuru (Uttharakuru). Heavenly part of the island of Jambu. At its northern end lies Mount Meru.
uttara-marga (utthara-maarga). Northward path of the sun.
Uttara Mimamsa (Utthara Meemaamsa). Later Mimamsa Vedantic philosophy, as distinguished from earlier Mimamsa, which concerned itself with rituals. By Veda Vyasa.
Uttaraphalguna (Uttharaphalguna). Name of a star.
uttarayana (uttharaayana). Northward path of the sun.