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aachaara (achara). Precept, behaviour, rules of good conduct.

aachaara-dharma. Good behaviour.

aachaarya (acharya). Spiritual teacher, preceptor.

aachaaryopaasana. Reverential service to the preceptor.

aadhaara (adhara). Basis.

aadheya (adheya). Being based, contained, sustained.

aadhi-kavi (adhi-kavi). First among poets.

aadhithya (adithya). Sun.

aadhithya-varna (adhithya-varna). Complexion like the sun.

aagaami (agami). Action (karma) in which one is now engaged that is bound to affect the future; impending; future.

aahaara (ahara). Food.

aahavaneeya. Consecrated fire taken from the perpetual fire and prepared for receiving oblations, esp. the eastern one of the three fires burning at a sacrifice.

aakaasha (akasa). Sky, space, ether.

aalambana. Support, receptacle.

aalaya (alaya). House, dwelling.

aanandha (ananda). Supreme bliss, unending joy.

aanandha-loka. Region of heavenly bliss; also Brahma region.

aanandha-maya kosha. Body sheath of supreme bliss.

aanandha-nilaya. Abode of supreme bliss.

aanandha-praapthi. Attainment of spiritual bliss.

aanandha-svaruupa. The embodiment of supreme bliss.

aaranyakas. Religious or philosophical texts closely connected with the braahmanas, either composed in the forest or studied there.

Aarathi (arathi). Ritual worship in which lights are waved; also called Haarathi.

aartha. The distressed, suffering.

Aaryan (aryan). (a) Literally noble. (b) Follower of vedhik or spiritual path. (c) Ancient dwellers of India to whom the Vedhas were revealed.

aasana (asana). Sitting posture.

aashrama (ashram). (a) Hermitage or monastery; residence for saints and spiritual aspirants; ashram. (b) a stage of life: student, householder, hermit, and renunciate.

aashrama-vaasis. Residents of aashramas, hermitages, or monasteries.

aashraya. That on which anything depends; support; refuge.

aashritha. That on which anything depends; support; refuge.

aasthika (asthika). Believer, theist, God-revering person.

aasurik. Demonic.

aasuri-sampatthi. Demonic existence, tendencies.

Aathma (Atma). The real Self, one's divinity, God, the substance of everything, the unseen basis, the spark of God within. The Aathma is unchanging and immortal; It does not die.

Aathma-aanandha. Aathmik bliss, bliss of Self-realization.

aathma-anubhava. Aathmik experience.

Aathma-dharma. Aathmik duty, divine duty.

Aathma-dhroha. Self-tormenting, treason to the higher Self.

Aathma-jnaana. Knowledge of Self-realization.

Aathma-jnaani. Self-knower.

Aathma-linga. Oval stone that symbolizes the divine Aathma.

Aathma-raama. Eternal bliss.

Aathma-samyama. Perfect restraint of all senses; balance and repose.

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Aathma-shaanthi. Individual peace.

Aathma-sthithi. The characteristic of the Aathma; stage of permanent awareness of one's divinity.

Aathma-svaruupa. Embodiment of the all-pervading divine Self.

Aathma-thatthva. True nature of the Aathma, the Aathmik Principle.

Aathma-vidhya. Knowledge of supreme reality or Aathma.

Aathma-yajna. Self-sacrifice.

Aathmik. Of or pertaining to the Aathma.

aathreya (athreya). Classical Indian medical knowledge is called aayurvedha (science of health and long life), the two chief traditions being those of Aathreya and Dhanvanthari. Later presented by Charaka in the Charaka samhitha (text stressing diagnosis and prognosis).

aatta. Flour of rice or wheat.

aayah. Child's nurse.

aayurvedha (ayurveda). Classical Indian medical knowledge; science of health and long life.

abhedha. Integral; non-differentiating.

abhijith. Victory; eighth period of the day (about midday); an auspicious constellation of time.

abhimatha. Dearest and most pleasurable.

abhisheka. Ablution, bathing.

abhyaasa. Systematic, steady practice.

a-chara. Unmoving.

a-chethana. Non-intelligent, unconscious, inert.

a-dhambhithva. Absence of vanity; sincerity.

a-dharma. Evil.

adhi-aathma (adhi-atma). Pertaining to the individual soul, spirit, or manifestation of supreme Brahman.

adhi-aathmika. Pertaining to adhi-aathma.

adhi-bhauthika. Pertaining to the physical or material world.

adhi-bhuutha. Whole perishable creation; the primordial form of matter; everything that has name and form.

adhi-dhaiva. Divinity or fate, the spiritual substratum of the cosmos.

adhi-dhaivika. Pertaining to divinity or fate, e.g. natural disasters.

adhikaara-murthi. Manifestation of a person of authority.

adhikaari. Official, person of authority.

a-dhika-ari. Worst enemy.

adhi-yajna. Pertaining to sacrificial aspects.

a-dhvaitha (a-dwaitha). Nondualism or monism, the Vedhaanthik doctrine that everything is God.

adhvaitha-avastha. Abiding in Brahman.

adhvaitha-bhavana. Non-dual state.

adhvaitha-sthayi. Staying in Brahman.

a-dhvaithin. One who propounds nondualism (a-dhvaitha).

a-dhvaithopaasana. Worship of God as present in everything; spiritual effort to experience unity at all times.

adhya. Person receiving an offering, the offeree.

adhyaasa. Superimposition.

agneya-asthra. Raama's fire weapon.

agni. Fire element.

agni-asthra. Fire missile.

agnihothra. Ritual of offering oblations in the holy fireplace. Three kinds are: daily obligation, occasional obligation, and optional fire.

aham. I.

Aham Brahmaasmi. I am Brahman, or I am divine.

ahamkaara. Ego, self-love, selfish individuality.

ahimsa. Nonviolence.

aikshika-asthra. Shiva weapon, the unfailing weapon of the third-eye opening of Shiva.

aikya. Oneness with God, union of the individual soul (jeeva) with God.

ajara. Decline, diminution.

a-jnaana. Ignorance, stupidity.

a-jnaani. Ignorant person.

a-karma. Non-action; detached action whose consequences do not leave a binding impression.

a-kartha. Undesigned, no human agent.

a-keerthi-karam. Quality that causes disgrace or decline of reputation.

akhandaika-rasa. Unbroken uniflow of sweetness.

akhandha. Eternal, continuous.

a-kshara. Imperishable, indestructible.

a-kshaya. Undecaying.

alochana. Planning, considering.

a-maanithva. Humility, lack of vanity.

a-mritha. Divine nectar (literally, no death, or immortal).

a-mritha-puthra. Son of eternal divinity.

a-mrithathvam. Immortality.

amritha-vidhya. Education for immortality.

a-mrithopadhesha. Immortality-bestowing or nectarine teaching.

an-aachaara (an-achara). Improper behaviour or conduct.

an-aadhi. Without beginning.

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an-aahatha-dhvani. Unstruck, primeval sound; Om; mystic sound heard by yogis.

an-aarya-jushtham. Ignoble nature or behaviour.

an-aasakthi. Non-attachment, absence of yearning.

an-Aathma (an-Atma). Not Aathma, or not-Self.

an-ahamkaara. Absence of egotism.

an-antha. Eternal, unending, infinite.

an-anya-bhaava. Thinking only of Divinity and nothing else.

an-anya-bhakthi. One-pointed devotion, admitting no distraction.

an-anya-chinthaa. Undivided contemplation (of the Lord).

an-ashana. Fasting to death.

an-eka-bhakthi. Devotion to various things or states.

anga. Limb, part.

a-nithya. Impermanent, transient.

anna. Food.

anna-maya kosha. Sheath of the body composed of food.

anna-puurna. Bestower of food; goddess; a form of Dhurga (goddess of destruction of evil obstacles).

anor-aneeyaan. Subtler than the subtle.

anritha. Not true, false.

anritha-puthra. Son of falsehood; child of futility.

anthah-karana. Inner psycho-somatic fourfold instruments of mind, intellect, memory, and ego.

anthar. Inner.

anthar-jagath. Inner universe.

anthar-mukha. Inward focus.

anthar vimarsha. Inner quest.

antharyaamin. Inner ruler or Being that guides all creatures.

anubhava-jnaana. Self-experience; knowledge from personal experience.

anumaana. Inferential perception.

anuraaga. Affection.

anurakthi. Deep attachment to or affection for God.

anushaasitha. Independent master, one who directs.

a-nyaaya. Injustice.

apaana. The downward air, which goes out through the anus.

a-paraa. Lower, ordinary.

a-paraa-prakrith. Lower nature, world.

aparaa-vidhya. Secular science, western knowledge.

a-parigraha. Non-acceptance of gifts, renunciation.

a-paroksha-jnaana. Direct spiritual knowledge.

a-pourusheya. Non-personal, superhuman.

a-prameya. Unmeasurable.

apsaras. Wives of the Gandharvas, celestial nymphs.

a-puurna. Not full.

Archaka. worshiper.

archiraadhi-maarga. Path of Gods, beginning with fire or the Sun's rays, taken by spiritual souls after death.

ardhaanga. Half of the body.

arishadvarga. Six inner enemies of man, viz. lust, anger, greed, delusion, pride, and hate.

arjuna. Pure, unsullied, unblemished, white.

artha. Wealth, material object, thing, aim, purpose, desire.

artha-aarthi. One longing for wealth.

a-sahaja. Assumed, unnatural.

a-saktha. Absence of desire, detachment.

a-sanga. Non-attachment.

a-sath. False, unreal, non-existent, bad.

Asathyanaaraayana. Lord of untruth.

a-shaanthi (a-santhi). Lack of peace; agitated mind; restlesness.

ashoka tree. Tree of moderate size belonging to the leguminous class, with magnificent red flowers.

ashokavana. Grove of Ashoka trees.

ashtaanga-yoga. Eight-fold discipline of yoga to destroy ignorance and reach the state of communion with Self, as taught by Sage Pathaanjali.

ashvamedha. Horse sacrifice to absolve a king of all sins. A horse is marked with a victory card and allowed to roam about freely. If anyone stops the horse, the king should go and defeat him in battle and bring back the horse.

ashvattha (aswatta). Banyan tree, impermanent.

a-stheya. Non-stealing.

asthi. Being, existence; is-ness; synonym for sath.

asthika. Theist, believer in God.

asthra (astra). Missile, weapon, sword, bow.

asura. Demon; term arose when Dhithi's sons refused to drink the liquor (suraa) offered by Vaaruni, daughter of Varuna.

a-svargyam. Quality that destroys the divine in man.

athah. For this reason.

athha. Thereafter.

athibala. Super strength.

Aum. Om.

avadhaana. Concentration.

Avathaar (Avatar, Avathar). An incarnation of God, taking a form according to the age in which the incarnation occurs. Special manifestation of God on Earth.

Avathaarana. Descent of the Godhead on the earth; the process of descent or incarnation.

Avathaar-murthi. Form of the Avathaar.

a-vibhaktha. Undivided, non-separate.

a-vidhyaa. Ignorance.

avidhya-maaya. Ignorance-based illusion.

a-vyaktha. Unmanifest, imperceptible.

a-vyaya. Indestructible, unchanging.

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