|Date: 3 Sep 2005||Occasion: Medical Conference||Place: Prasanthi Nilayam|
The Effulgent Lord who shines in every
pervades the entire universe will protect you always.
He is the Omnipotent Lord of Parthi, who will grant
you bhakthi (devotion), and will certainly help you
in all your endeavours.
What else is to be conveyed to this assembly of noble souls?
Embodiments of Love!
Man thinks that he is able to lead a comfortable life with the help
of wealth, food, clothing, houses, etc. that he has acquired. This is
not true. The very survival of a human being is dependent on God's
grace. There are many wealthy people in this world. Do they all lead a
comfortable life? It is a fact that none can achieve anything in this
world without God's grace. Hence, first and foremost man must
contemplate on God.
One may read a number of books, acquire a number of academic
degrees, and visit a number of countries, but these cannot help a human
being to lead a comfortable life. People think that they have acquired
high academic qualifications, but they enable them to acquire only
bookish knowledge. At present, you find that everyone is engaged in
acquiring bookish knowledge. But they forget the fact that people led a
happier and better life without bookish knowledge in the past.
People think that pursuing academic education and acquiring bookish
knowledge is real education. No, that is not real education. Education
devoid of educare is not real education. What is educare? Educare is
that which brings out the latent divinity in a human being.
Divinity is also known as consciousness. It is only because of the
consciousness present in him that every individual is able to know the
nature of the world around him. But, unfortunately, no one is able to
recognise this all-pervading consciousness. In fact, it is only this
consciousness that is protecting every human being. In spite of one's
education and scholarship, one is not able to realise this truth.
Education is negative and artificial, whereas educare is positive. People are going to foreign countries to acquire such artificial education. What is the use of acquiring such education? Instead, everyone should strive to acquire educare. One need not go to foreign countries for acquiring educare. It wells up from within and protects the person constantly. Educare is the unity of thought, word, and deed.
One who has realised their own nature is an educated person in the
real sense. One may enquire, "Who are you?" "Who is he?", etc. But one
may not know who oneself is. One might have acquired encyclopaedic
knowledge about everything in this world. But of what use is it if one
does not enquire into oneself by questioning "Who am I?" Real education
constitutes enquiring into oneself about one's own true nature.
You may question someone, "Sir! Where did you come from?" The person
replies, "I am from India." That very reply that he came from India
connotes a negative sense. The real "I" is to be explored. That "I" is
the real source. Without realising this source, if one simply states
that one came from this place or that place, it is not the correct
answer. The reply that one came from India refers to the body. The body
must have travelled from India, but the consciousness is all-pervading.
When someone questions, "Who are you?", the correct answer would be,
"I am I." If someone replies that he came from America or India, it
connotes a negative sense. We often make a statement that this is my
body, my mind, my intellect, etc. These are all artificial and not real.
Nowadays, a lot of research is being made into the nature of the mind. But the mind is never steady. The mind is like a mad monkey, and the body is like a water bubble. You are not this mad monkey. You are not this water bubble. The name given to the human race is "mankind". But, today, that kindness is gone and mankind has become monkey mind. You don't find even an iota of kindness and compassion in human beings today.
Realising one's innate divinity is educare. That innate divinity in
man has been referred to by several people as Atma. Without realising the
nature of the Atma one
cannot understand the nature of the body. Educare consists of realising
the nature of the Atma.
When someone questions you what is the meaning of the word "self",
you answer "I". But that is not the correct meaning of self. It is not
correct to identify "I" with "self", i.e. body. "I" refers to Aham (individualised soul). As
long as one identifies "I" with self, one cannot understand the real
meaning of "I". Only when one sheds attachment to self and develops the
feeling of equanimity can one understand the nature of Atma. This Atma Tattwa (Atma principle) is equally present in
every being. This is the fundamental principle. It is only because of
this fundamental principle that every living being acquires value.
One has to recognise this fundamental principle. Only then does one deserve to be called a human being. In this world, birds and beasts live along with human beings. Human beings can be differentiated from birds and beasts only when man realises that fundamental "I", which is the Atma Tattwa. Since ancient times, people in India have been striving to realise this fundamental "I", which is present in all beings.
These days, people are confronted with several difficulties and worries in their life because their awareness is limited to bodily relationship. Such body consciousness is artificial. It does not reveal their true Self. One has to strive to realise the fundamental "I". Human body is ephemeral and is bound to perish one day or the other. When we speak of "I", it should be limited not to the ephemeral human body but to the fundamental "I".
The body is made up of five elements and
is bound to perish sooner or later,
But the indweller has neither birth nor death.
The indweller has no attachment whatsoever and
is the eternal witness.
The deha (human body) with which we identify ourselves by saying "I" is subject to birth and death again and again. But, the Dehi (indweller), is the eternal Devadeva (Paramatma). While the vesture of deha (body) has birth and death, the Dehi is beyond birth and death and is omnipresent.
Consciousness has neither birth nor death.
It has neither beginning nor end.
It is present in all beings as the eternal witness.
You might have observed a beggar standing in front of your house
seeking alms with a request, Bhavathi
bhikshaamdehi (give me alms). He is reminding you of your true
nature of Divinity by addressing you so. The word Dehi refers to Divinity. He is
seeking alms from God Himself. Hence, true education is realising the Dehi.
Education is not merely reading a number of books, which confers only bookish knowledge. Why do you run after these books? This bookish knowledge will enable you merely to eke out a livelihood. But, there is something beyond this bookish knowledge and livelihood, which all of you have to pursue.
Can you call all those who know how to
read and write educated?
Can one be called educated merely for acquiring degrees?
Can you call it education which does not confer virtues?
If education is just for a living,
don't we find birds and beasts carrying on their lives?
One may acquire a lot of wealth and become a millionaire with the help of bookish knowledge and high academic degrees. But, ultimately, people will give value to a realised soul and not to the one who has accumulated enormous wealth. As long as the body is present, people will refer to a person as "so and so; a very rich person; a king, etc."
At present, man is exposed to unrest and lack of peace. What could
be the reason for this state of affairs? Not even one individual is
The whole world is in a state of turmoil. It is true that secular
education is necessary for one's living in this world. But one has to
go beyond this level and explore into the realm of universal
consciousness that leads and motivates every living being. That
consciousness is present equally in every human being, right from a
pauper to a millionaire. The fundamental "I" is present in you, him,
and every individual.
Here is a small example. Suppose you question somebody, "Who is the
doctor?" The doctor will immediately rise to answer, "I am the doctor."
In this example, the doctor identifies himself with his profession and
says "I" am the doctor. But he forgets about the fundamental "I"
present in him.
When a question is put, "Where is God?", the natural answer would
be, "He is present in all." The same truth is enshrined in the
aphorisms, Easwara sarva bhutanam
(God is the indweller of all beings) and Isavasyam idam sarvam (the
entire universe is permeated by God).
Different varieties of sweets like Mysore pak, gulab jamoon, laddu, khova, etc., are prepared.
Names are different, but the fundamental ingredient (sugar) in all
these sweets is the same. Similarly, one who realises the truth that
the same Atma Tattwa is
present in every human being and, in fact, every living being, is the
Several persons today must attain such a level of consciousness. People in ancient times strove to attain that state and therefore they were aptly referred to as yogis. They realised the truth that every human being was actually a three-in-one entity: (1) the one he thinks he is, (2) the one others think he is, and (3) the one he really is. All three aspects are present in one individual, with no separate entity for each aspect. This principle is changeless and eternal.
We often come across people who claim that their sons are employed in lucrative jobs in America. As a matter of fact, who is your son? You say that so and so is your son, keeping in view the bodily relationship with someone who has a name and form. Devoid of name and form, who is the son and who is the father? All these names and forms are acquired only after a person is born.
When man emerges from the womb of his
one does not find any garland around his neck.
There are no jewels made of pearls,
nor are there glittering gold ornaments.
There are no chains studded with precious
stones like emerald and diamonds.
But there is one garland around his neck.
Brahma strings together the consequences of
his past deeds into a heavy garland and
Puts it around his neck at the time of his birth.
As long as there is bodily relationship between you and him, you call him your son. If the body perishes, whom do you call your son? All these relationships are worldly and physical. As long as the physical relationship exists, you consider someone your relative, friend, or foe. Hence, do not ever give excessive importance to these physical relationships. It is only when you rise above these physical relationships that you will realise the Antaryami (inner motivator). You may enquire from any of our boys, "Where is God?" They will spontaneously answer, "Everywhere. In fact, you are God." Their relationship with God is beyond the physical level of the body.
You are always leading a life based on physical relationships. But
these are not permanent. Such relationships exist today, but may cease
to exist tomorrow. As long as there is life in the body, you say, "I
am." Once the body perishes, how can you call yourself "I"?
When you enquire into the matter deeply, everything in this
objective world reduces itself to zero. All that we see in this world
are zeros. Unfortunately, today we consider the zero as hero.
However, there is one fundamental principle, "I", which is eternal.
That fundamental principle is hero. It is present in every individual,
but it is not noticed. It is the inner motivator.
We often refer to our human body consisting of flesh and blood as
"I". Our physical body is not eternal. It is like the passing clouds
which come and go. Considering such transient body as the eternal "I",
we often struggle to keep the body in comfort. This is not the correct
approach. The body must be employed for the purpose for which it was
given to us. Man is born to realise the eternal truth.
Here is a small example. You performed the marriage of your son and
brought a girl into your house, claiming her as your daughter-in-law.
Before her marriage to your son, who was this daughter-in-law? The
relationship ceases to exist once you leave this world. Such
relationships are like passing clouds. Unfortunately, today we are
passing our lives keeping such passing clouds as our true
relationships. This is not the proper thing to do. Every individual
should desist from leading a life based on dehabhimana (attachment to the
Even educated people have attachment to the body; they constantly
strive to maintain the physical body, feeding it with comforts. It is
only because of attachment to the body that they are exposed to sorrows
and difficulties. Hence, shed body attachment and cultivate attachment
to the Eternal Truth.
People crave for the darshan
of Rama, Krishna, and other deities, which are the names given to the
physical body donned by Divinity in different ages. As long as you are
attached to the physical body, you cannot realise the Atma Tattwa. In fact, Atma does not have any
attachment. The Atma is
present in you, Me, and every individual and every living being --in
keeping with the aphorism Ekatma
sarva bhutantaratma (one Atma
dwells in all beings). Realising the nature of such an all-pervading Atma is considered to be true
spirituality --not just performing some rituals like worship, religious
vows, and bhajans.
When someone asked Sita, "Where is your Rama?", she replied, "Sri
Rama is always with me only." What people generally refer to is the
physical body of Sri Rama, the son of King Dasaratha. In fact, the real
Rama is not related to any individual --neither the son of some king
nor the son-in-law of another king. He is immanent in every living
Keeping in view the bodily relationship, people often make
enquiries, "Where did your uncle come from?" "Where did your aunt come
from?", etc. Suppose you question the same person, "Where did you come
from?" He cannot give a correct answer.
The truth is that all people come from the same source. When one realises this truth, there will no more be any worry or sorrow. Hence, one has to realise this universal truth. If you do not develop faith in unity, but follow diversity, your entire life will be chaotic. Do not develop attachment to the world. Instead, cultivate spiritual attachment. When you live in harmony with your fellow human beings, you will derive happiness. Then you will enjoy the unity between human beings. The real devotee is one who has realised such unity. Unity leads to purity, which in turn leads to Divinity. One who has not experienced such unity, purity, and Divinity confines himself to body attachment and will be trapped in the birth-death cycle.
You are all aware of the havoc of tidal waves that shook the coastal villages on the east coast of India (tsunami), a few months ago. More recently, in America a very devastating hurricane submerged several towns and villages. The entire region presented the picture of a vast sheet of water. No one knew who survived and who died. Only after the water receded could an estimate of the extent of damage caused to life and property be made.
Embodiments of Love!
Eschew body attachment and realise the unity in divinity present
everywhere. That is real sadhana.
Today, people undertake sadhana
to achieve something, all the while thinking of something else. As a
result, they are unable to achieve their goal. Such divided attention
is the fault of the concerned individual but not that of the objective
world. Ensure that your sadhana
is on the right track. Only then will you be able to realise the unity
Several people live long years of age, some even 100 years. But they
are unable to realise this unity. Instead, they visualise duality
everywhere. This cannot be termed real sadhana. One who has realised
the non-dual (advaita)
Brahman alone can be considered to be a real manava (human being). Hence,
try to realise the unity in diversity by removing the feelings of
duality and experience bliss. In fact, unity is divinity, and that
divinity is immanent in you. As long as you are under the influence of
duality, you will not be able to realise that unity. Realise unity,
experience unity and spread unity to the entire world. Unity alone
brings purity and purity develops love. Only when you develop such pure
love will you be able to understand everything in the spiritual realm.
I will take some other opportunity to explain in greater detail the concept of pure love. If you entangle yourself in worldly attachments and still aspire for divinity, how is it possible? Hence, keep yourself away from all attachments and attain unity.
(Bhagavan concluded His Discouse with the bhajan, "Prema Mudhita Manase Kaho".)