|Date: 9 April 2005||Occasion: Ugadi||Place: Prasanthi Nilayam|
The creation emerges from truth and
merges into truth,
Is there a place in the cosmos where truth does not exist?
Ponder this pure and unsullied truth with wonder and joy.
The body is made up of five elements and
is bound to perish sooner or later,
but the indweller has neither birth nor death.
The indweller has no attachment whatsoever and is the eternal witness.
The indweller in the form of the Atma is verily God Himself.
The melodious songs and bhajans of the devotees from Hyderabad this morning was a joy for the ears and feast for the heart.
Divine love is the most precious thing in this world. No amount of extolling its virtues will exhaust its greatness as no living thing of this world can be devoid of the influence of love. Saint Thyagaraja sang:
From an ant to the Brahman, in Siva or in
You do indwell in pure unsullied form of love,
Oh Rama, please be my protector too.
What is the form of an ant, and what is the form of Brahman? Brahman is infinite. On the other hand, the ant is a tiny creature. From the physical point of view, there can be no comparison between the form of an ant and the form of Brahman. But from the spiritual point of view, Divinity is immanent in both.
A hungry bear once went to an anthill and pleaded with an ant
saying, "I am unable to bear the pangs of hunger. Please give me some
The ant could not control its laughter. It said, "How can a tiny
creature like me alone provide food for you? I don't have sufficient
food to satisfy your hunger. Wait, let me see what can be done." It is
natural for ants to store food for six months in their anthills. It
went inside and with the help of its fellows brought out some of the
food that had been stored.
The bear wondered, "How could a tiny creature like an ant store so
If one has the desire and puts in the necessary effort, one can
amass anything; it does not matter whether one is big or small. It is
said, Jantunam nara janma
durlabham (out of all living beings, human birth is the rarest).
Ants, though tiny in form, are able to acquire food, share it with
friends, and also store for future. But modern man, in spite of being
endowed with intelligence, is frequently unable to earn food even for a
single day. Is it not a matter of shame?
In this world, there is no being superior to the human intelligence. But humans are unable to make proper use of their intelligence. They conduct themselves in an unworthy manner because of their selfishness and self-interest. Humans do not lack for anything in their life. There is everything at their disposal. They lack the discrimination to make proper use of the resources available. They are not able to give up their petty qualities and rise to a higher level. There is a lesson to be learnt even from ants. When an ant bites one's leg, one feels the irritation and immediately tries to kill it. But humans are not making efforts to kill the evil qualities within themselves, which are making their lives miserable.
In this vast world, no matter where you look, you cannot find any motive power more powerful and more valuable than love. Deep-rooted selfishness and self-interest are making man's intelligence perverted and leading him astray. When you give up selfishness, humanness will blossom in you and your latent powers will manifest. Your power of intelligence will become manifold.
Nowadays students are reading a wide variety of books. But there is little use in studying a pustaka (book), if the mastaka (head) is filled with rubbish. Students are filling their heads with useless information and in the process are misusing their energy. There is no point in going through a number of textbooks over and over again. They cannot save you from the cycle of birth and death. You should acquire such knowledge that will make you immortal. Present-day students have become proficient in bookish knowledge. They have the intelligence to answer any question from the textbook. But they are not making efforts to translate their bookish knowledge into practical knowledge.
One may acquire a high academic
qualification such as M.A.
and B.A. and attain exalted position,
One may amass wealth, perform acts of charity, and attain name and fame,
One may have physical strength and enjoy a long and healthy life,
One may be a great scholar studying and preaching the Vedas,
But none can equal a true devotee of the Lord.
The knowledge one acquires should be utilised for the benefit of
society. You should utilise your wealth and knowledge not for selfish
purposes but for the welfare of others. God has given you the human
body not merely to eat, sleep and enjoy worldly pleasures. Paropakarartham idam sariram
(human body is meant to do good to others). The body is given to you so
that you make proper use of your intelligence and power of
discrimination and manifest your innate human values. Of what use is
your education and intelligence if society is not benefited by them?
Presently, man is making new discoveries and inventions, but till this day he has not really understood the purpose of human birth. What is the meaning of the word manava (human being)? 'Ma' means ajnana (ignorance), 'na' means without, 'va' means varthinchuta (vrittih yasya sah) (to conduct oneself). Hence, manava is one who conducts himself without ignorance. But, these days, we hardly find anyone leading a life of wisdom in consonance with the name manava. In spite of being endowed with high degree of intelligence, people are frittering away their lives in vain pursuits. Before undertaking any task, one should enquire whether it would befit the title of a human being. One should accept everything as the Will of God. God has blessed man with intelligence, knowledge, and wealth so that he will work for the welfare of others. But man is acting contrary to God's wish and thereby ruining himself. Animals like bulls and buffaloes render service to man in a number of ways. But man lacks the spirit of service that even animals possess. Without understanding the purpose of human birth, man is developing demonic qualities and leading a miserable life. Vyashti (individual) signifies humanness and samashti (society) symbolises divinity. Hence, one can attain divinity only by serving society.
You may be highly educated and intelligent, but there is so much you can learn from ants, birds, and animals. These lessons of life cannot be taught in the classroom. Even teachers are not making efforts to understand the principle of divinity within. Education is not meant to merely eke out a livelihood. You have to share your knowledge with others, give joy to one and all, and thereby rise to the level of the Divine.
(equal-mindedness) is the hallmark of a true human being. Manavatwa without samatwa cannot attain divyatwa (divinity). Hence,
develop samatwa in the
first instance. Divine power is latent in every human being. But man is
becoming weak because he is unable to realise his latent divine power.
In order to manifest the divine power, one should cultivate sacred
Manavatwa has not come
into existence in the recent past; it has been there since ages. Human
being is born from the womb of the mother, but humanness originated
from divinity and is present at all times. There is divinity in every
human being. Because he is unable to recognise his innate divinity, man
is forgetting his very human nature itself. What is the use of being
human only in form but not in practice? Human birth will find
fulfilment only when we practise human qualities.
All the sacred texts such as Upanishads and Sastras are meant to show mankind the path of redemption. Man should manifest his latent divinity by following their teachings. The sacred texts will bring out the hidden treasures of divinity from within. That is why Bhagawan has introduced the educare programme in the educational institutions. Education is related to worldly knowledge; it can be acquired by going through books. But educare is meant to externalise the latent divinity in man. Education has temporary benefits, whereas educare bestows everlasting happiness. One cannot become great by mere acquisition of education. One should practise educare and manifest the latent values.
Educare is the need of the hour. Only through educare can you realise divinity, which is present in every atom and every cell of your body. In fact, you are seeing divinity every moment but are unable to recognise this truth. You can call yourself educated only when you recognise divinity which is all-pervasive. Secular knowledge is related to education, which can be acquired from outside. It is mere bookish knowledge, whereas educare cannot be acquired from books. No benefit accrues by gathering information from books. What is required is transformation and it is possible only through educare.
Acquisition of information that cannot lead to transformation is a
mere waste of time. But man has developed a taste for such information,
which is but a waste. Man's intelligence, knowledge, and power are all
the gifts of God. They have to be nourished and made proper use of,
Truly, God has endowed man with immense potential. That is love. It is beyond all description and measure. There is no greater power than this. But man is giving up such power without realising its value. He is under the mistaken notion that love means physical and worldly relationship. True love lies in unification of two hearts. People utter this word repeatedly without actually knowing its meaning. Love does not hurt anybody. It always helps. Hence, consider love as your true wealth. There is no property greater than love in this world. You are misusing the God-given gift of love by diverting it on worldly matters and sensual pleasures. Your foremost duty is to make proper use of love by following the dictum, Help ever, Hurt never. There is no greater dharma than this.
Love is your only true and eternal property. But, you are diverting it on mean and worldly pursuits. It should be treasured in your heart and utilised for sacred purposes. You may share it with any number of people; it will never diminish. You are unable to understand and experience love in its true spirit. Love is the life-breath of every being. In order to understand love, you have to dive deep into the ocean of love. Love cannot be understood from a superficial level; you have to immerse yourself completely in love. Worldly love is such that you can just taste it and give it up, but once you taste divine love, you will never give it up. Love is God, God is love. Hence, you cannot separate love from God. Live in love. That is the only way you can understand love and experience God.
It may be easy to give lectures on love, but it is difficult to understand it. Make every effort to experience love. If you understand the nature of your love, you will understand the love of others. Love is in you, with you, and around you. Once you understand love, you will become the very embodiment of love.
The more you understand the principle of love, the nobler you will become. Once you understand the principle of love and put it into practice, others will also try to emulate you.
In the epic Ramayana, not only the four brothers Rama, Lakshmana, Bharata, and Satrughna but also their wives played important roles. They demonstrated great ideals to the world. People extol only Rama and ignore the model conduct of the others. In fact, each of them was as great as Rama Himself. You might have heard of Sumitra, the mother of Lakshmana and Satrughna. People do not attach much importance to her role in the Ramayana. In fact, her name does not figure prominently in the epic. She was a paragon of virtues. Her name, Su-mitra, itself signifies that she was a good friend to one and all. She shared her happiness with everyone. Kausalya and Kaikeyi had one son each, whereas Sumitra had two sons.
When we enquire into the reason, we can understand the mystery behind it. When Dasaratha performed the Putrakameshti Yaga, the Yajna Purusha appeared and handed over the vessel of sacred pudding to Vasishtha. Vasishtha gave the sacred pudding to Dasaratha, who in turn distributed it equally between his three wives. Kausalya and Kaikeyi took their share of the pudding to their respective puja (worship) rooms. Each of them was happy, thinking that her son would be the heir apparent to Ayodhya throne. But Sumitra had no such thoughts. She carried her bowl of pudding to the terrace and placed it on the parapet wall while drying her hair in the sun. Suddenly, an eagle swooped down and carried away the bowl of sacred pudding. She immediately ran down and informed Kausalya and Kaikeyi about what had happened. Kausalya and Kaikeyi came to the rescue of Sumitra and shared their sacred pudding with her.
Kaikeyi gave half of her share to Sumitra. Kausalya did the same. In
due course, Kausalya gave birth to Rama, Kaikeyi to Bharata, and
Sumitra to Lakshmana and Satrughna. The sons of Kausalya and Kaikeyi
were happily playing in their cradles whereas Sumitra's sons were
crying all the time, day and night, without even taking food. Sumitra
went to sage Vasishtha and told him about her predicament. Sage
Vasishtha closed his eyes. His yogic
vision enabled him to know the truth. He said to Sumitra, "Since you
partook of the sacred pudding given by Kausalya, you gave birth to
Lakshmana, who is an amsa
(part) of Rama. Similarly, Satrughna is born out of the share of
pudding given to you by Kaikeyi. So, he is a part of Bharata. Put
Lakshmana by the side of Rama and Satrughna by the side of Bharata.
Then they will rest peacefully."
Sumitra did as instructed by Vasishtha. The children became peaceful and stopped crying. Sumitra felt very happy at this and said to Kausalya and Kaikeyi, "Lakshmana and Satrughna are your gifts. My children will serve your children. Lakshmana will serve Rama and Satrughna will serve Bharata. It is my good fortune that my sons will serve their brothers." This was the basis of the intimate relationship between Rama and Lakshmana, Bharata and Satrughna.
Sumitra used to experience ineffable bliss, since her two sons
Lakshmana and Satrughna were always in the company of Rama and Bharata.
She was never depressed by the separation of her children. No one knows
why certain things happen and for what purpose. As the four sons of
King Dasaratha were growing, Lakshmana always used to accompany Rama
and Satrughna would accompany Bharata. Both Lakshmana and Satrughna
were mighty warriors. Without them, there can be no Ramayana at all! Lakshmana was
born to serve Rama and Satrughna was born to serve Bharata. Lakshmana
was the Embodiment of Love. Similarly, Satrughna used to serve Bharata
with all the power at his command. Thus, the four brothers Rama,
Lakshmana, Bharata, and Satrughna were inseparable. Hence, it is not
correct to say that Rama was born to Kausalya, Bharata to Kaikeyi, and
Lakshmana and Satrughna to Sumitra. Though their mothers were
different, they always used to move about in the company of one
The four brothers Rama, Lakshmana, Bharata, and Satrughna are parts
of the same substance and facets of the same Divinity. Similarly, their
mothers Kausalya, Sumitra, and Kaikeyi used to move always in the
company of one another. There was no discord between them. The unity
between the four brothers was in fact the sum and substance of the
story of Ramayana. None
can describe in full the glory of Ramayana. Each one attempted
to describe the glory of Ramayana
in their own unique style, with the result that a number of literary
works on Ramayana have
become available today.
Human nature is not limited to the mere form. It consists of the body, mind, intellect, senses, and, above all, the heart the seat of love. The Ramayana is a great story of intense interaction between these five aspects of human nature. It is not possible for anyone to fully describe the interplay of these factors in Ramayana, however much one may strive.
Once, Kausalya was engaged in some work. Meanwhile, Bharata came running and sat on the lap of Kausalya and started crying. Kausalya was a bit surprised about the reason for Bharata's agony. She tried to console him and enquired as to what made him cry. Bharata replied that they were playing a ball game, and each time Rama was purposely getting defeated in order to ensure the victory of other brothers. Thus, the unity, love, and affection between the brothers were such that they always tried to please others. They used to experience supreme bliss in the company of one another. Only Lakshmana could understand fully the nature of Rama, and only Satrughna could understand fully the nature of Bharata.
The women in the Ramayana
were also exemplary in nature. When Rama was going to the forest to
fulfil the wishes and command of his father, King Dasaratha, Sumitra
asked Lakshmana to accompany Rama. Immediately, Lakshmana followed him.
He experienced great joy in accompanying his elder brother Rama to the
forest. Similarly, Satrughna also experienced great joy in the company
of Bharata and accompanied him wherever he went.
What does the name of "Satrughna" imply? It means the one who
destroys the enemies.
Rama, Lakshmana, Bharata, and Satrughna were ideal brothers. It is not enough to merely extol their ideals, but we must also try to experience that great bond of love in our day-to-day lives and share it with others. The great epic Ramayana is not a mere story. It also explains and expounds the Atma Tattwa. One has to experience that Atma Tattwa. with reaction, reflection, and resound. The Ramayana Tattwa has to be understood properly and translated into our day-to-day lives.
The Ramayana cannot be compared with other Puranic texts. It is not merely a great poetic work but a great treatise on human relationships between parents and children, between brothers, between husband and wife and between the king and his subjects. it is only when we are able to understand the significance of Ramayana in this larger context that the country will prosper with love and affection between the citizens.
In a few years time, nay, very shortly, the whole world will realise the greatness of Ramayana and try to emulate the ideals set in Ramayana. Today, we find a wide variety of nations, religions, and castes in the world. No. No. The situation will certainly change. Within a short span of time, the world will realise the truth:
There is only one religion, the Religion
There is only one caste, the Caste of Humanity.
There is only one God, He is Omnipresent.
The greatest truth propounded by Ramayana is the oneness among humanity. When there is such unity, there will be mutual love between people. When that mutual love between different people develops, the whole world can experience great joy and happiness. Thus, only Ramayana can provide great joy to the entire humanity. Hence, let every individual chant the divine Name "Rama! Rama! Rama!"
Urmila, the wife of Lakshmana was a good painter. She was painting a picture to be presented to Sri Rama on the occasion of His coronation. Exactly at that moment, Lakshmana entered her room. She wanted to get up and look who was the visitor. In the confusion, the paint got spilled over the unfinished painting. She felt very bad. "How come this painting got spoiled when actually I wanted to portray the beauty and majesty of Sri Rama on the occasion of His coronation and show it to the world?", she thought.
Urmila had a very compassionate heart. She always entertained noble
thoughts. She did not feel sad even for a moment when her husband
Lakshmana accompanied Rama to the forest. She was always contemplating
on Sri Rama during His exile to the forest. Not only she, the wives of
Bharata and Satrughna, Mandavi and Srutakeerthi, were also engaged in
constant contemplation of Sri Rama and praying for His return to
Ayodhya. Thus, when they were in constant contemplation of Rama, their
strength increased day by day.
If you analyse the underlying meaning of every incident in the Ramayana, all of them point to only one principle, the principle of unity: unity between the brothers, unity between their wives, etc. Even in times of calamity like when Lakshmana fell unconscious during the war with the rakshasas (demons) in Lanka, Rama did not lose heart, and neither did Sumitra, the mother of Lakshmana. She was always confident that no danger would ever befall Lakshmana, since he was in the service of Lord Rama. Thus, during the entire period of 14 years of Rama's exile to the forest, all the brothers and their wives were always thinking and wishing only the well-being of Rama; so, were their mothers. Such was the nobility of their hearts.
Any amount of narration of the greatness and nobility of the characters in the Ramayana will not suffice and do justice to the cause. The story of Ramayana cannot be fully described since it is "His Story".
The stories of Lord Vishnu are amazing,
They purify the lives of the people in all the three worlds,
They are like the sickles that cut the creepers of worldly bondage,
They are like good friends who help you in times of need,
They are like shelters for the sages and seers doing penance in the forest.
It is therefore, very essential for every human being to emulate the ideals set by Lord Sri Rama in their day-to-day lives.
(Bhagawan concluded His discourse with the bhajan, "Rama Rama Rama Sita