|Date: 6 May 2008||Occasion: Easwaramma Day||Place: Prasanthi Nilayam|
Students — Boys and Girls!
Venkataraman has spoken to you regarding today's function in a befitting manner. He is a very learned man who worked in the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai. He has worked in some scientific areas earlier pursued by Sir C.V. Raman. He is the winner of many awards.
Now, what can I say about the mother of this body? Man has actually three bodies: physical, mental, and spiritual. Therefore, you are not one person but three: (1) The one you think you are, i.e. body. (2) The one others think you are, i.e. mind. (3) The one you really are, i.e. Atma (spirit). Your true form is the Atma, not the body or the mind.
In the circumstances that prevail today, very few honour their mother. Your mother carried you in her womb for nine months and gave you birth after undergoing many difficulties and hardships. Forgetting such a mother is like forgetting God. This amounts to forgetting yourself. Mother is your first teacher. It is the mother who feeds and nourishes you. It is on the lap of your mother that you grow up and experience all types of happiness. None should forget the love that they receive from their mother. First and foremost, your mother deserves your highest respect.
After the death of his mother, many people told Sankaracharya to
take the body out. But Sankaracharya told them, "Neither my mother is
going to leave me nor I am going to leave my mother. My mother and I
are one forever. Bodies are different but the principle of the Atma is the same in both of us.
You may go away from me, but no one has any right to separate my mother
from me. Her body will be cremated in the compound of the house."
Accordingly, Sankaracharya cremated his mother's body in the
compound of his house.
None can estimate the feelings of the mother. Even today, people of Palakkad either cremate or bury the body of their mother in the compound because they feel that such a great person like Sankaracharya did it and they should also follow the same. In the beginning, many people had criticised Sankaracharya, saying that, being such a learned scholar, he had committed such a type of impropriety. Knowledge of scriptures is not that important, it is cultural refinement that has great value. Culture is that which brings about refinement.
Physically, your mother may not be with you, but your love for her
should remain the same.
The mother of this body sent a letter to me when I was in
Kodaikanal. After that, I came to Brindavan (Bangalore). The Summer
Course was going on at Brindavan. Once, she prayed that My name should
be on her lips at the time of her death. When she passed away in May
1972, Summer Course was in progress at Brindavan. She was hale and
hearty. All of a sudden she called out, "Swami, Swami, Swami".
I replied, "I am coming, I am coming." When I came down the stairs, she breathed her last.
As long as there is life in the body, we should take care of it.
When the life goes away, the body has no value. Truly speaking, who is
the mother? It is the life principle that is the mother, not the body.
Body is like a water bubble, mind is like a mad monkey. Why should
we keep the body?
Immediately, I asked for the car to be brought and sent her body in
the car to Puttaparthi. I remained in Brindavan. For the summer course,
students had come not just from one college but from various colleges
from all over India. They all thought that Swami would not come to the
class that day. Then what? Exactly at 9:00, I entered the classroom
smilingly. Students were surprised to see Me there. They were all
thinking, "What is this? Swami's mother has passed away and He has come
to the classroom."
Mother does not go anywhere. The body that was being addressed as
"mother" has left. But the mother is with Me only. Hence, there was no
need to be sad. As long as I am there, mother is always with Me.
Therefore, I told the students to be happy and not to feel sorry that
the mother of this body left her mortal coil.
At that time V.K. Gokak was the Vice Chancellor. He was also
surprised thinking, "What, Swami is talking like this!"
I have not taken birth from physical body. After all what is this
body! It exists when five elements are there in it. Body is like a bag
containing five elements. When the five elements leave the body, it
becomes an empty bag. Hence, one should not have undue attachment with
the body. All mothers and children should develop these feelings of
detachment. As long as the mother is alive, we should respect her,
honour her, and make her happy in every possible way. There is no need
to be sad when she leaves the body.
Even here in Puttaparthi, people said, "What is this? Swami has sent
the body of Easwaramma, but He Himself has not come?" Why should I go
with the body? Body is only a vesture. It is like a leather bag. When
the five elements leave the body, the five senses also go with it. Then
why should we grieve over the lifeless body? I arranged for whatever
was supposed to be done at the worldly level. I remained in Brindavan
and conducted the summer classes happily.
In this world, all the physical relationships are of our own making. Otherwise, who is related to whom? This relationship of mother and son is only at the physical level. The mother came, performed the actions that she was destined to perform, and then left. I have to perform My duty. Therefore, I engaged Myself in the performance of the task for which I have come when we see from the worldly point of view, the body is physical and ephemeral.
The body is made up of five elements and
is bound to perish sooner or later,
but the indweller has neither birth nor death.
The indweller has no attachment whatsoever and
is the eternal witness.
We should keep Dehi
(indweller) in our view and not the physical body (deha). Everyone forgets the
body when they go to sleep. When you can forget it in your sleep, why
can't you forget it forever? However, as far as your parents are there,
you should make them happy. Do not ignore their well being. We should
look after our parents and treat them with love and respect. However,
we should not have undue attachment to the body.
The relationship between husband and wife is there only after the
marriage. Wife comes in the middle of your life, but mother is there
with you right from the birth. It is sheer foolishness to forget your
mother, who is with you since your birth, and get entirely immersed in
the love of your wife, who comes in the middle of your life. Other
relations like sons, daughters, grandsons, sons-in-law, etc., are also
formed in the middle of one's life.
In fact, all worldly relations are temporary; they come and go like
passing clouds. You have connections with these relations as long as
you exist. Where is the connection when you yourself are not there?
Hence, do not form any relationships on the basis of the body. However,
perform with earnestness all duties that you are required to perform at
the physical and worldly level. Your conduct should be good, and your
actions should also be good.
Never forget your mother; treasure her form in your heart. We come from the heart of our mother, and mother should always be in our heart. Therefore, your mother ever leaves you, and you not should leave her. Mother and children are united with each other for ever.
Twameva Mathacha Pitha Twameva,
Twameva Bandhuscha Sakha Twameva,
Twameva Vidya Dravinam Twameva
You alone are the father and mother,
friend and relation,
wisdom and wealth.
Wherever you may be, keep your heart suffused with the feelings of
love for your mother. Once, Narasimha Murthy came to Me and said, "My
mother has passed away."
I asked him, "Who has passed away, your mother or her body?" Then I
told him, "Your mother is here. I am your mother (loud applause). It is
the body that dies. Body is like a water bubble. Bodies come and go.
Therefore, you should have no worry about the death of the body of your
mother. I am here with you. Ask Me whatever you wanted from your
mother; I will give (loud applause). Hence, you should not feel sad at
From then onward, Narasimha Murthy is with Me. I give him whatever he wants. Mother, father, and other relations are temporary — coming and going, coming and going. But God is not coming and going. He is always present. Therefore, it is only God who is present at all times (loud applause). The entire world is ephemeral and transitory. How many people have taken birth in this world? Are they all here now? Death can occur in any manner; it has no sign or symptom. Death is death. Even if some symptoms of death are visible, we should not worry at all.
Never ever show disrespect to your mother. Never make her shed tears
by your conduct. Keep her always happy. Her happiness will bring you
all good things in life. But we should not worry at the death of our
parents. Recently, also I said in My Discourse in Bangalore that both
My mother and father appeared before Me. They smiled on seeing Me; I
also smiled on seeing them. We should be happy when our parents smile.
Small children smile at everyone. We also start smiling when they
smile. Parents are also like small children. Mother always loves her
Therefore, whatever high position we may attain in our life, we
should never disrespect or look down upon our parents. Always consider
them as God. Mother is God, father is God. That is why it is said, Matru Devo Bhava, Pitru Devo Bhava,
Acharya Devo Bhava, Atithi Devo Bhava (revere your mother,
father, preceptor, and guest as God).
Mother gives you your body. Father provides the means of nourishment
and growth of the body. Acharya
(teacher) gives you education, and God gives you everything. Therefore,
never forget these four and treasure them in your heart.
Mother and father have their place in the heart of every person. One
should not forget mother and father even if one is in great difficulty
or upset over something. One who forgets their parents cannot be a
human being. How can you exist without your parents? They are the seeds
of your life; the very source of your life on earth. Therefore, parents
should have prime importance in life. Even if you are old or in great
difficulty, make efforts to make your parents happy as far as it is
possible for you. Feed them even if you have to resort to begging. Bear
all hardships to look after them. Fulfil all their desires. This will
result in the fulfilment of your own desires.
Everything in this world is reaction, reflection, and resound. None can escape from these. If you cause difficulties for your parents today, your children will cause difficulties for you tomorrow. You will get back the result of your actions without much delay. You may love anyone you like, but do not forget your parents. When your parents have not forgotten you, you should not forget your parents.
Nasthi, Pitha Nasthi, Nasthi Bandhu Sahodaraha,
Artham Nasthi, Griham Nasthi, Thasmath Jagrata Jagrataha.
The relationships like mother, father,
brothers, sisters and friends are not real.
House and wealth are also illusory.
Beware of this truth.
Remember your parents at all times. Never forget them. It is for this reason that I have come here straight from Brindavan. Earlier, people thought that Easwaramma Day may be celebrated in Kodaikanal. But I decided that I should be here at Puttaparthi on 6 May and that a grand function should be held here and poor people should be made happy by distributing clothes and serving them sumptuous food. Wherever I am, I perform this function in the same grand manner. Never ignore poor people. Always remember them and help them.
But some people out of their distress and anger abuse and ridicule the poor. This is a great mistake. If you ridicule them now, it will come back to you in future. You may be thinking you are ridiculing them, but truly speaking you are ridiculing yourself. Never ridicule or insult them. Always love them. If you insult them before others, others will also insult you. You cannot escape from the reaction, reflection, and resound.
Difficulties come and go. Even the mighty Rama had to cry like an
ordinary man on account of his separation from His wife Sita. Even the
valorous Pandavas had to live in forest, eating leaves and tubers. How
much power and valour they had! Yet they had to live in forest and bear
all difficulties. What for? They were defeated in gambling.
Similar will be the fate of all those who take to this bad path.
Gambling is not good at all. Similarly, drinking of liquor is also not
good. Addiction to drinking leads to loss of control over oneself.
Under the influence of liquor, a drunkard may speak anything. Later on,
he will repent after coming back to his normal senses.
Lust and anger are the two demonic qualities. Never allow them to
come near you. In a fit of anger, we may say anything without
considering its consequences. But after a few minutes, when we come to
our normal mood, we will say sorry, "Alas! Why did I abuse like this?"
Therefore, first and foremost, kill the anger.
Rama killed many demons and demonesses in the forest because of
their evil qualities of lust and anger. Whoever one may be, whether
male or female, if they has the evil qualities of lust and anger, they
should be punished. Anger and lust are very bad for man.
Love God. Adore Him, and worship Him. He is your father, mother, and
everything. Have relationship only with God. God will never leave you.
He is omnipresent. All the worldly people whom you love are like
passing clouds. They come and go. But God comes and grows. Therefore,
love God and have faith in Him. One who has love for God only is a true
(Here, Swami called a boy from Iran, who is a student of Sri Sathya
Sai Primary School, and asked him to chant Vedic mantras.) See how
beautifully this boy from Iran has chanted the Vedic mantras! He is a
Mohammedan boy. In their country, people are not even allowed to utter
the name of Rama in public. When you ask him his name, he will tell "My
name is Sathya."
(Here Swami asked this boy, "What is your name? What are your
names? Chant the Vedic
mantras nicely and learn all Vedic
mantras. Do you know Rig Veda?"
The boy then recited Rudram
and Sri Suktam with
perfect intonation and pronunciation to the applause of the entire
Everything is there in the Vedas.
The essence of all the religions like Hindu, Islam and Christianity is
there in the Vedas. Even
Christians also sing the glory of God in the same manner. Even the
Mohammedans extol the five elements and worship the goddess of wealth.
Hence, God is one, for all religions. God is one. There is difference
only in names. Mohammedans offer prayers to God five times a day.
Hindus also pray to God in the morning and evening.
We should never say that the Veda
is only for Hindus. Veda
is for all. That which is one and universal is the Veda. Veda can alleviate all types of
suffering of man. Hence, it is good for everyone to learn the Veda. Many people from America
also come here and learn the Vedas.
Many people in Russia and Germany also recite the Vedic mantras both in the
morning and evening. Since Hindus do not recite the Vedic mantras, they are
forgetting them. Therefore, nobody should forget the Vedas. Veda and Vedanta are like your parents.
Always remember them and never forget them.
Therefore, students! Whatever you may study, never forget God. Only then can you attain peace. People say, "I want peace." There can be no peace without bhajan. (Here Bhagavan sang the bhajan, "Hari Bhajan Bina" and continued His Discourse.)
Many people perform yajnas and yagas (sacrifices and rituals) for the sake of peace. Where can you get peace from? It is within you only. It does not come from outside. What come from outside are only pieces, pieces, pieces! Peace comes from our heart only. You should do bhajans to attain peace. Only bhajan can give you peace.