|Date: 13 Nov2007||Occasion: Akhanda Bhajan||Place: Prasanthi Nilayam|
One has to understand what is meant by "akhanda bhajan". There are two
kinds of bhajans. One is khanda bhajan and the other is akhanda bhajan. Khanda bhajan is for a specific
time, for example, the bhajans
held for a limited period either in the morning or evening. On the
other hand, akhanda bhajan
involves constant contemplation on God in the morning, evening, and
even during the night. It is constant contemplation on God during all
three states: the waking, dream, and deep-sleep states. It is "sarvada sarvakaleshu sarvathra
Suppose you are watching a clock. There are three hands in the
clock: the second hand, the minute hand, and the hour hand. The second
hand is the longest, the minute hand is slightly shorter, and the hour
hand is the shortest of the three. When the second hand crosses sixty
spaces, the minute hand moves forward one space. When the minute hand
crosses sixty spaces, the hour hand moves forward one space.
Which one of these three hands is important? Undoubtedly, the hour hand is important. On the same analogy, doing namasmarana and bhajan only in the morning and evening is like the second hand. The divine Name is highly potent. Each one of the several names of God has one type of power specific to it. If you wish to make good use of this power and derive lasting benefit out of it, you have to participate in akhanda bhajan.
Once, sage Narada approached Lord Vishnu and prayed, "Oh Lord!
People speak very highly about the efficacy of Ramanama. Will you
Lord Vishnu wished to demonstrate the efficacy of Ramanama by an
illustration. He therefore advised Narada, "Oh Narada, go to a crow and
utter the word 'Rama'. Let the crow repeat the name."
Narada went to a crow and said, "Oh crow, Your entire body is black,
without a trace of whiteness. Hence, chant the Ramanama just once."
The crow uttered "Rama", and immediately it fell down dead. Narada
was sad that the crow died just by its chanting the Ramanama once.
He went to Lord Vishnu and informed Him of the crow's death. Lord
Vishnu told him, "Don't worry. This time, go to the beautiful peacock
that was just born and ask it to chant Ramanama once."
As per the instructions of Lord Vishnu, Narada went to the newly
born peacock and said, "Oh peacock, your beauty and grace are
enchanting to the entire world. You are very lovable and attractive.
Please utter the word 'Rama' just once."
The moment the peacock uttered "Rama", it also fell down dead.
Narada again went to Lord Vishnu and reported the death of the
peacock after chanting Ramanama just one time. Lord Vishnu again
advised Narada, "Narada, a cow in the shed nearby just gave birth to a
calf. Please go to that new-born calf and ask her to chant Ramanama once."
Narada did accordingly. As soon as the new-born calf heard the
word "Rama", it also dropped down dead.
When Narada informed Lord Vishnu, Lord Vishnu again instructed him,
"Narada, this time, go to the King's palace, where a baby boy was just
born. Ask him to chant the Ramanama
Narada was very much afraid to approach the newly born prince, since
the crow, peacock, and calf had died just by listening to the
word "Rama" once. He pleaded with Lord Vishnu to spare his life, since
the King would put him to death if something happened to the new-born
baby by chanting Ramanama.
But Lord Vishnu insisted that Narada obey His command.
Narada went to the palace and asked the newly born prince to chant Ramanama once. The prince
saluted sage Narada and informed him that by the mere chanting of Ramanama just once, he was
transformed from a crow to peacock, from a peacock to a calf, and from
a calf to a human being as a Prince. He expressed his gratitude to sage
Narada for initiating him in Ramanama.
Thus, Nama confers a human birth, which is considered to be a rare gift.
The human being is an embodiment of Divinity. Look at any picture of
God. All forms of God are portrayed with a human face. That is why it
is said "Daivam manusha rupena (God assumes human form)."
It is only the divine name that confers human birth on a being. It
is evident from the illustration narrated above that the birds and
animals were able to get a human birth by listening to the holy name
just once. Unfortunately, no transformation is taking place in humans,
in spite of repeating the divine name several times.
You should chant the divine name wholeheartedly, with full faith.
Faith develops love toward God, and that love toward God confers human
birth. No doubt, people today are repeating the holy name, but not with
love and steady faith. They are more concerned with how others are
singing and whether their sruthi and raga are in order, etc. They are
doing namasankirtana with
a wavering mind. There can be no transformation by such fickle minded namasankirtana, inspite of
doing it for hours together.
Namasankirtan has to be done with absolute concentration and steady faith like a yogi. It is said "Sathatham yoginah." One can achieve great transformation if the mind is steadily fixed on the divine name.
When a lead singer is singing a particular bhajan, other singers think of
the next song that they are going to sing. Thus, their attention is
distracted, with the result that they remain only as ordinary human
beings. The devotional singing of bhajans
will have no effect on them; it cannot transport them to a
higher realm of Divinity.
No doubt, contemplation on God will sanctify a person to a certain extent. But in order to attain purity, it is not enough if chanting of the divine name is confined to a limited period. It has to be a continuous spiritual exercise throughout one's life. Only then will the divine name get imprinted on one's heart.
You may attend to your daily routine. But, while attending to your
duties in your own house or in the outside world, constantly remind
yourself that "whatever I do, think, or speak, everything belongs to
God." The proper attitude should be, sarva karma Bhagavath preethyartham.
Take, for example, the process of cooking. You add different
ingredients to the items being cooked, in definite proportions, and you
try to make them tasty. But the real taste comes only when the job of
cooking is done as an offering to God. The food becomes divine when it
is offered to God. On the other hand, if the various items are cooked
with the attitude, "I am doing this job as a routine; I am cooking
these items for my family members to partake," it does not reach God.
Hence, whatever you undertake, do it as an offering to God chanting
the name "Ram, Ram, Ra." Even while you are walking, think that it is
God who is making you walk, since Divinity is present in a subtle form
in every atom and cell in this universe.
Unable to recognize this truth, people think, "I came by foot, I walked so many miles," etc. Such work comes under the physical realm, not the spiritual realm. Hence, whatever you think, speak, or do, consider it as God's command, God's work. With such an attitude it is enough if you chant the divine name "Rama" just two times — morning and evening. Not only the name "Rama"; take any name for chanting. Chant any divine name wholeheartedly, at least once. That would be alright.
There is no use counting seconds and minutes while doing namasankirtan, thinking, "I
have done namasankirtan,
for so many seconds, so many minutes." It is enough if you chant the
divine name just once, wholeheartedly. That is like the hour hand in a
clock, which carries certain value.
Such heartfelt singing has become rare today. Some people
participating in bhajan,
say, "Today I am not well. I have a sore throat due to cough and cold.
I am not able to sing."
True, you may be suffering from cold and cough. But you can sing
within yourself, surely. Do it. That will give you sufficient strength.
The divine name is very sacred. If you repeat it just once, even the
dead will come back to life. Savithri lost her husband. But, by her
soulful prayers, she could bring back her husband to life.
Those who could bring back the dead to life are to be found only in
the country of Bharath and nowhere else. Though divine power is spread
everywhere and is omnipresent, it manifests in a high degree only in
Those who are pure in their heart will always succeed. Whatever work
you undertake, do it conscientiously. Develop purity of mind. If you
undertake the work with that purity of mind and then pray to God,
surely you will achieve the result.
Meera did the same thing. She prayed to the Lord, "Swami, I delved deep into the ocean and could get the pearl of your divine name. Let not this valuable pearl slip from my hand and drop back into the ocean. Having been born in this world, let me sing the glory of the divine name constantly and make my life sanctified."
The Gita says, "Mamaivamso
jeevaloke jeevabhutassanatanah (You are all part of My
Divinity)." Hence, you all should follow Me. My love is divine and
sacred. So shall be your love. If you follow this principle, you will
automatically achieve purity. Where there is purity, there Divinity is.
Everything is reflection, reaction, and resound.
Since ancient times, you all are My own amsa (part). Do not ever forget this truth. If only you develop faith in this Truth, it amounts to reading the entire Bhagavad Gita.
Every human being follows dharma.
From where did this dharma
come? It has come from bhava
(feeling), which in turn emanated from viswasa (faith). It is only
when viswasa is there, dharma is born. That faith is
truth. Dharma is verily
the embodiment of divinity.
"Truth is God: Faith is God; Love is God; Live in Love." If only you
cultivate these three, you can achieve anything. You may encounter any
number of losses and difficulties in life. You may undergo a lot of
suffering. But never give up truth, faith and love.
Loss, suffering, and difficulties are like the waves in the ocean of
life. They just come and go. But the water in the ocean remains
permanently. Hence, develop the faith of "water", i.e. Divinity.
Your thoughts are like the passing clouds. Hence, keep your faith
firmly fixed on God. If you develop love and faith toward God, there is
nothing in the world that you cannot achieve. By faith and love, you
can even change the earth into sky and the sky into earth.
The power of the divine name is unparalleled. People often take it
lightly. That is a mistake. One should not mistake a shining glass
piece to be a diamond. The real diamond is altogether different.
What is that diamond? "Die mind."
God's name is the real diamond. Keep it safe and secure. Do not ever
be bothered by pain and suffering, losses and difficulties. They just
come and go. That is not your real nature. Your innate Self is strong,
eternal, and real (sat). Do not follow the fleeting and unreal waves,
forsaking your own true and eternal nature.
Unfortunately, today, people are following only the unreal and
passing waves. If you hold on to such fleeting and unreal things, you
will always be deceived. Once you seek refuge in the lotus feet of God,
you should never give up. Wherever you go, the divine feet will protect
you. If you install the divine name firmly in your heart, your life
will become sanctified. That is bhakthi
(devotion). That is your sakthi
(power). That is mukthi
(liberation). It is only for making people realise this truth that the sadhana (spiritual exercises)
of akhanda bhajan
(continuous devotional singing) has been prescribed for devotees at
least once in a year.
The word "akhanda"
implies chanting the divine name non-stop for 24 hours. But people will
be just coming and going while the akhanda bhajan is going on.
Such a bhajan can be
termed only as khanda bhajan.
It is a piecemeal bhajan.
It is difficult to maintain continuity of the divine vibrations in such
You should ensure that there is no gap in between. During akhanda bhajan you may go home
for any purpose, for example, to take food. But, you continue to do namasmarana while attending to
any work in your house.
God does not wish that you should not attend to your personal and domestic chores. You may attend to all your needs, but constantly remember God while doing so. That is the essence of Lord Krishna's message in the Gita, "Maamanusmara Yuddhyacha (keep Me ever in your mind and fight till the end)." In other words, He advised Arjuna that he must engage himself in the war, constantly remembering Him. War in this context does not imply merely killing one another by shooting arrows or with missiles. That is not a sign of greatness. There you discharge your duty in the battlefield. If you do so, those who are destined to die will die.
Always attend to your duties with a pleasant and smiling face. What
is required is a smiling face. There is no use putting on a "castor oil
face". "Happiness is union with God." That is real Divinity.
When you are confronted with some difficult situations, do not get
upset, constantly worrying, "Oh! How do I cross this situation?" For
example, young people are often confronted with a "marriage worry".
Such worry will only worsen the situation. Repose your faith in God.
Think that it is not marriage, but "my raise", i.e. an opportunity for
your betterment. If you develop such an attitude, your life will be
Whoever does namasmarana,
whatever be the name they take and wherever they are, their life will
be sanctified. They will be free from sin. Do not be too much concerned
with raga and thala (tune and rhythm). There
is only one raga, that is
hridayaraga (the raga arising out of one's own
heart). That is "So–ham", "So–ham". Let your life be tuned
to this raga of "Soham". Then, whatever activity
you undertake, it will become a success.
You are most fortunate to participate in this akhanda bhajan. During normal days, bhajans are held in this hall both in the morning and in the evening. This is a great opportunity. Do not lose the opportunity of participating in the bhajan. If you make good use of it, your life will be sanctified. The global akhanda bhajan is held only for this purpose every year.
—From Bhagawan's Discourse in Bhajan Mandir, Prasanthi Nilayam, on 13 November 2007.