|Date: 14 November 1976||Occasion:
||Place: Prasanthi Nilayam|
Bhagavan Sri Sathya Sai Baba
"Sravanam (hearing the Glory of the Lord), Kirtanam (singing the Glory oneself), Vishnosmaranam (allowing the mind to dwell on that Glory), Padasevanam (adoring the feet of the Lord), Vandanam (experiencing gratitude and joy at His Grace), Dasyam (feeling oneself as His instrunent), Sakhyam (awareness of His being one's constant and closest companion), and Atmanivedanam (dedicating one's full being to Him) -- these are the nine steps in the path of devotion."
"Listen, O people! Revel in this iron Kaliyuga (the age of evil rampant today), for there is none other so propitious for liberation that the mere remembrance of the name of the Lord and adoring Him thus are enough to win His grace and set you free."
"This is bad, this is good -- can such judgements ever be made about anything in God's creation when all are manifestations of His will."
Embodiments of the pure Atman! Last November, on the 23rd, people from all parts of the world had assembled here to celebrate the Golden Jubilee, and office-bearers of the centers were here for the Second World Conference and other functions that took place. Later they expressed their desire that they be allotted a date, before the close of the Jubilee Year, when they in their own places could celebrate the happy occasion. In order to overcome their disappointment it was decided that, in all centers all over the world, namasamkirtan (singing the glory of God's name) would be held for a full twenty-four hours, beginning at 6:30 p.m. on Saturday (yesterday) and ending at 6:30 p.m. today.
Therefore, in 42 countries around the globe more than 7000 centers have enthusiastically taken up this pleasant assignment.
This has been named an akhanda-bhajan, that is to say, devotional singing done without a break. But was it really an akhanda-bhajan? It is begun at 6:30 on the evening of one day and is closed at 6:30 on the evening of the next day. Can we call it 'unbroken' devotional singing? What is a period of 24 hours when we consider the vastness of the universe and the eternity of time? It is just a wink, a minute part of the life of man on earth. By engaging yourselves in the recitation of the Name of God for one single day, you claim to have done devotional singing "without a break!" Akhanda-bhajan must be as continuous as breathing itself if it is to deserve its name.
You must probe into the real significance of the samkirtan that you are engaged in. Kirtan is "singing aloud the Glory of God." Samkirtan is the process of singing, which originates in the heart, not from the lips or tongue. It is the expression of the joyous thrill that wells up from the heart when the Glory of God is remembered. It is the spontaneous manifestation of inner ecstasy. No attention is paid to the blame or praise that others may give. It does not seek the admiration or the appreciation of the listeners. It is sung for one's own joy, one's own satisfaction, one's own delight. Kirtan of this supreme type alone deserves the name samkirtan.
Singing this intense yearning for God and enjoying the experience of adoring Him helps to purify the atmosphere. Man is today forced to breathe the air polluted by sounds that denote violence, hatred, cruelty, and wickedness. Therefore, he is fast losing the high attainments that are in store for him. The vibrations resulting from singing the glory of God can cleanse the atmosphere and render it pure, calm, and ennobling. It is with this high purpose in view that this program of global samkirtan was designed.
No man can escape the influence of the pollution of the air he breathes. The sounds that we produce, with good intent or bad, spread throughout the air around us. This is our daily experience. The sounds produced at radio stations pass through the atmosphere and reach our homes when we tune in. The vibrations travel vast distances and affect the nature of those who inhale them. The atmosphere also affects the food man consumes. The pollution in the atmosphere is imbibed by the plants, the plants supply the grain, the grain is the basis of the meal, and meal shapes the character and behavior of the person who consumes it. When the environment is clean and free from evil vibrations, the food too is pure, and the person develops a tendency to be loving and simple. It is to ensure such an atmosphere that this spiritual discipline was initiated the world over.
When a man falls into a well, of what use is it if he controls his voice and his emotions and whispers quietly, "I have fallen into this well, I have fallen into this well. I am in great danger. Please save me?" No one will be able to hear or save him. He must shout full-throated, with all the anguish he is experiencing and with the extreme desire to be saved, "I HAVE FALLEN INTO THE WELL! SAVE ME! SAVEME SOMEONE!" Only then can he hope to get succor.
Similarly, when you are caught in the coils of this world, when you have fallen into this deep well of worldly misery, shout with all your might, with all your heart, that you maybe saved by God. There is no use muttering faintly and half-heartedly, "Save me, save me; I am floundering in this cycle of birth and death." When the prayer comes shrieking through the heart, help is assured.
Samkirtan or devotional singing is of four types: guna-samkirtan, leela-samkirtan, bhava-samkirtan, and nama-samkirtan. Guna means 'attributes' (of God). So guna-samkirtan is the adoration in song of the manifold attributes of God - omnipresence, omniscience, compassion, majesty, etc. Leela means 'sport', therefore leela-samkirtan is the adoration in song of the various expressions of these attributes as evidenced by the accounts of sages and seers of all faiths. Bhava means 'attitude' (of the mind). So bhava-samkirtan means the adoration in song of God pictured and contacted under various relationships. Some may prefer to adore Him as the giver of equanimity, others as a friend, guide, and guardian, still others as the child one loves and tends, and yet others as the lover whom one loves with sovereign love. Nama means the name of God, and so nama-samkirtan means the adoration of God, calling upon Him by various names, each describing His glory, His achievements, His relationship with the individual.
The names are many, or even countless; it is so in all languages. We have many groups of 'thousand and eight names' which can he used; for God, as the Vedas declare, has a 'thousand heads, a thousand eyes and a thousand feet'. Devotees can adore Him and derive bliss through that adoration, filling each name with the meaning and significance it carries.
By whatever means God is adored, the path of devotion is the easiest and the most effective, for it is a spiritual discipline of the heart and results in love and service to all as fellow pilgrims to the same divine goal.
Some people do question the propriety of calling God by means of such a multiplicity of names. But each name is indicative only of one aspect of divinity. It denotes a single part of the Supreme Personality. The eye, the nose, the mouth, the hand, or the finger may be denoted by distinct words, but they all belong to the same individual. So, too, one must remember that every name is but a facet, a part, a ray, of the Supreme. The spiritual discipline consists in recognizing and becoming aware of the One that supports and sustains the many. That is the precious gem of wisdom that one must secure and treasure.
There is, however, a thief that lurks in the inner consciousness of man, planning to rob him of this gem. He is desire. When we have gained what we desire, greed, the accomplice of the thief, steps out and prods us to desire a few more objects. When what is desired is not gained, another accomplice, anger steps out and prods us to hate and harm those whom we suspect stood in the way of the gain.
Of course you cannot instantly eliminate all desire from the mind. So you should nourish the one desire prescribed by the vedas. The vedas lay down four goals before man: righteousness, wealth, desire, and liberation. Since the first and the last are difficult to attain without detachment and deprivation of sensual pleasures, man has given them up as impracticable and is struggling, in all lands and climes, with the middle two -- wealth and desire. All the fear and misery of life can be traced to this dire mistake. What has to be done is to take the four as two inseparable pairs, righteousness-wealth and desire-liberation. That is to say, earn wealth through righteousness, and use wealth for the promotion of righteousness. And let liberation be your only desire.
Liberation means getting rid of bondage. Many people give up hearth and home, wife and children, property and possessions, and, escaping into forest retreats, pride themselves on their 'renunciation'. But this act of fleeing cannot be honored by that name, for such an act by itself cannot confer release when the mind still remains bound. The fundamental bond, which must be eliminated, is the bond of ignorance. Death is sweeter than the bondage that ignorance can impose on man. Cast away ignorance: you are free, liberated from all bonds that very moment. All spiritual disciplines have this liberation as their goal. Singing God's name, too, helps you get rid of this basic ignorance.
Those who rely on reason alone or on the limited laws of science argue that the repetition of the Name, which is, after all, sound, cannot cleanse or correct the mind of man. But the Name is not just 'sound'. You are sitting quietly there, listening, but if someone merely says, "scorpion" you get frightened. Or when someone says, "the juice of a lemon", your mouth starts watering. You may be sitting before a plateful of delicacies, but if some one speaks of something dirty or disgusting, you are apt to refuse the food. The mere sound creates so much reaction.
A certain official was inspecting the work of a teacher in a school. He had a hearty contempt for mere talk, so he asked the teacher, "How can you ever transform the nature of these children by the words you utter? Show them by deeds; act, don't speak." The teacher protested and argued that words have a profound effect on the mind. The argument continued for some time. At last the teacher resolved upon a plan to convince the official of his point of view. He told an urchin of his class, "Here! Catch this official by the neck and push him out of the room." Hearing those words, the official flew into a great rage and started pouring abuse on the teacher. The teacher said, "Sir, I only said a few words. No one pushed you or hit you or touched you. It was all mere sound. But see how it has enraged you. Words, sir, do help in modifying character and shaping nature. They have vast power "
When words referring to worldly situations have such a transforming effect on the mind of man, words conveying spiritual and elevated meaning will certainly help in cleansing and correcting the mind of man. When we fill the air with harshness, we become harsh in nature. When we fill the atmosphere with hatred, we, too, have perforce to breathe the air and are hated in turn. When we saturate the air with sounds full of reverence, humility, love, courage, self-confidence, and tolerance, we benefit from those qualities ourselves. The heart is the film and the mind is the lens; turn the lens towards the world and worldly pictures will fall on the heart. Turn it towards God, and it will transit pictures of the Divine.
Therefore always do good, see good, remember good, and be good. Do not seek to discover or discuss the evil in others, for the attempt will tarnish your own mind. When you are engaged in searching for the faults and failings of others, you are paving the way for developing those faults and failings in yourself. Dwell on the good in others, and in time it will prove an asset to you. The goodness latent in you shall then be urged to sprout and blossom.
When you pray, "Swami, appear in my dream tonight," there is a chance that you may be lucky to visualize Swami in your dream. But if you pray, turning your attention to bad things, "Swami, let not a pig or an ass appear in my dream this night," in all likelihood, the pig and the ass will present themselves to you in your dream. Why pay undue attention to things you do not need and do not benefit from? Every thought leaves an impression on the mind, so be ever alert that contact with evil is avoided. Ideas that are opposed to spiritual tendencies, that narrow the limits of love, that provoke anger or greed, that cause disgust -- these have to be shut out. For the spiritual aspirant this is a very essential discipline. He must sublimate such thoughts before they cause an impact on the mind, and he should concentrate on the very source of the thinking process. This can be achieved by the practice of equanimity, unaffectedness, or balance. This attitude is the mark of the sage who has experienced God and is called jnana-sakthi or the power of wisdom. Of course it is not easily acquired. The path of devotion and dedication is easiest for most. It is attainable by love, for love leads you quickly to the Goal.
Once upon a time, Namadeva (noted for his mastery of the path of devotion and dedication through constant recital of the Name) and Jnanadeva (noted for his mastery of the path of wisdom) were journeying together through a thick jungle. They were both afflicted with severe thirst but could not find water anywhere in spite of a tiresome search. At last they came upon a ruined well with a little water far down its depth, but they had no means of going down the steep sides. So Jnanadeva used his power and transformed himself into a bird. The bird flew down and drank its fill, only to change itself into Jnanadeva again! Namadeva relied upon the power of the Name. He sat on the edge of the well and called, 'Narayana' (a name for the Lord Himself), in great anguish. God responded to his prayer. The water rose up to where he sat, and he could gather it in his palms and quench his thirst. He had no need to embody himself anew and disembody himself again for the satisfaction of a physical thirst.
When God is invoked by prayer that emanates from the heart, let it be but once, He responds immediately. But nowadays the call emanates only from the lips, it has not the ring of sincerity and faith. From the lips, it must roll back on the tongue; from the tongue, it must go deep into the throat; from the throat, it must reach down into the heart. Continuous spiritual discipline alone can grant success in this endeavor. You must become like an infant with no inhibitions or stratagems. The mother may be attending to her daily chores on the first floor of the house, leaving the infant in the cradle on the ground floor. But when the child sends up a loud wail, either through fear or hunger, she rushes down to lift the child, fondle it, feed it, and comfort it on her lap. She will not stay away because of the wail not being musical or melodious.
Similarly, the Mother of the Universe will not weigh the quantity of yoga that you have practiced or calculate the number of times you have repeated God's name as you rolled the rosary, or the time taken by you for various kinds of spiritual discipline. She can be moved, and Her grace can be won, by a genuine appeal emanating from the heart . Man is finding it increasingly difficult to call upon the Supreme Source of power and grace with such genuineness. His life has become pathetically artificial.
Kamadhenu, the wish-fulfilling heavenly cow, can be drawn and tied to a post by means of a rope. God too can be drawn towards you by the rope (the name) and tied to the post (the tongue). Then His name will be dancing upon the tongue forever, conferring the sweetness of His majesty. The name has to be sung for your own delight, to quench your own thirst, to appease your own hunger. No one eats to appease another' s hunger, nor takes medicines to alleviate another's illness. So do not care for what others feel about your meditation or devotional singing. Do not seek the approval, appreciation, or admiration of others, or refrain from your form of worship because others dislike it or ridicule it. Be self reliant, self-confident. See through your own eyes; hear through your own ears. Most people today believe their ears and deny their eyes; or they use the eyes, ears, and even the brains of others and thus fall into error and fear.
Consider this: Here you do devotional singing twice a day, but meals are taken four times a day! Physical exercises are resorted to in order to make the body strong and fit. Grain and cereal are grown and stored and used to strengthen the body. But meditation is equally necessary for strengthening the mind, so that, in its weak state, it may not yield to the viruses of lust, greed, anger, hatred, pride, etc. If the body is well developed and the head is weak, it is a case fit for the lunatic asylum. Food should be for both body and head and both these should be dedicated to the realization of God, the truth behind and beyond all truths.
Seeking good company and spending all available time in that comradeship will help the aspirant a great deal. You are shaped by the company you keep: a piece of iron turns into rust if it seeks the company of the soil. It glows, it softens, and takes on useful shapes if it enjoys the company of fire. Dust can fly if it chooses the wind as its friend; it will end as slime in a pit if it prefers water. It has neither wing nor foot, yet it can either fly or walk, rise or fall, according to the friend it selects.
Knowing this truth, Kabir, the great mystic-poet, sang, "Here are my prostrations to the bad. Here are my prostrations to the good." When asked why he offered prostrations to the bad along with the good, he replied, "I prostrate before the bad so that they might leave me alone; I do the same before the good, so that they might remain near me always."
Here is a burning coal; here, at some distance, is a cold piece of coal. When they contact each other, the heat spreads to the cold piece of coal, and the part that is in contact with the burning coal is rendered hot and red. If you vigorously wave a fan over the contact area, soon the entire piece of coal becomes a burning ember. 'Near', alone, is not enough for realization; one has to make it 'dear' by the fan of spiritual discipline by which the human becomes divine. The Vedas say that he who knows Brahman, the formless God, becomes Brahman. The coal knew fire and became fire. Spiritual discipline is the cultivation of love. Be full of love; taste the exhilaration that love can confer. Man is love embodied; he thirsts for love, and he finds real joy in loving and receiving selfless love. You have forgotten your real nature, which is love, and so you exude misery, hate, and jealousy. Never be morose or melancholic. Let all see you exuberant with love and light and joy. Do not entertain passion or prejudice, anger or anxiety. Take the spiritual discipline of the Name, the namasamkirtan, and the path will he smooth.
This program of devotional singing continuously done for 24 hours all around the world in all lands has, therefore, spread the message of love through the names of the embodiment of Universal Love. It has saturated the atmosphere with thoughts of God and of the peace and joy that He showers. The devotional singing that you have done here has affected not only this particular area and its environment, but it will transmute the entire atmosphere. Continue this attitude of devotion and humility, of service and tolerance, and the atmosphere will not be polluted by hatred. Do not contaminate the air by voices of acrimony, scandal, insult, or slander. Keep silent when you feel like expressing such ideas; that itself is a service to you and to others.
Life is a song, sing it. That is what Krishna taught through His life. Arjuna heard that song on the battlefield, where tensions were at their highest and when the fate of millions was to be decided by the sword. Krishna sang the Gita for Arjuna to listen. Gita means 'song', and He sang because He was in bliss, wherever he might be -- in Gokulam, on the banks of the Yamuna, or at Kurukshetra between the warring armies.
You too must pass your days in song. Let your whole life be a spiritual song. Believe that God is everywhere at all times, and derive strength, comfort, and joy by singing His glory in His presence. Let melody and harmony surge up from your hearts, and let all take delight in the love that you express through that song.