naada (naadha). Sound.
naaka. Heaven; nose.
naasa (naasha). Destruction.
naashta (naashtha). Food.
Nabhaga (Naabhaaga). Brother of Ikshvaku; father of Ambarisha. In Ramakatha I, Sathya Sai Baba says that Prasusruka was Ambarisha's father.
Nachiketa Agni (Nachiketha Agni). Name given to a particular ritual by Yama, because Nachiketas grasped its details so quickly.
Nachiketas (Nachikethas). Son of sage Vajasravas; given to Yama, the Lord of death, for questioning his father's mean gift of old and useless cows to pious people.
naga (naaga). Vital air that causes belching.
Nagarjuna (Naagaarjuna). Classical Indian medical knowledge is called ayur-veda (science of long life); the two chief traditions are those of Atreya and Dhanvantari. Nagarjuna (2nd cent. B.C.) presented Dhanvantari's in Sushrutha samhitha.
Nagas (Naagas). Class of serpents.
Nahusha. Son of Ambarisha and father of Yayathi.
naimittika (naimitthika). Associational or occasional.
nakshatra (nakshathra). Constellation.
Nakula. One of the Pandava brothers.
Nala. King of Nishada and husband of Damayanthi; lost his kingdom at dice. Also, the monkey-architect of Rama's bridge of monkeys across the ocean and commander in the army.
Nalakubara (Nalakuubara). Twin son of Kubera; turned into tree by the curse of sage Narada.
Nalayani (Naalaayanee). Previous birth of Droupadi, who was married to the aged, leprosy-ridden, sage Maudhgalya.
Nalini (Nalinee). Tributary of the Ganga, flowing eastward.
nama (naama). Name.
Namadev (Naamadhev). Hindu saint-poet in 13th and 14th centuries.
Namamnaya (Naamaamnaaya). Tradition learned continuously and steadfastly; a name for Veda; the primal source of all knowledge.
nama-karanam (naama-karanam). Naming ceremony of a child.
nama-rupa (naama-ruupa) jagath. World of name and form.
nama-sadhana (naama-saadhana). Practice of repeating the name of God.
nama-skaram (-skaaram). Respectful salutation.
nama-smarana (naama-smarana). Remembrance of the Lord's name.
namasthe. Literally, I greet the God in you.
nama-yajna (naama-yajna). Sacrifice only in name.
Nanak (Naanak). 15th century founder of Sikh religion.
Nanda (Nandha). King who adopted Krishna as infant.
Nandakumara (Nandhakumaara). ``(Adopted) son of Nanda'', a name for Krishna.
Nandana (Nandhana). Son of Nanda is Krishna.
Nandananda (Nandhaanandha). Name for Krishna.
Nandanar (Nandhanaar). Great 13th century devotee of Siva, born in the labourer (sudra) caste. Through devotion, he overcame all obstacles and merged with God in the temple in Chidambaram.
Nandhivardana. Son of Sudhavasu and father of Sukethu.
nandi (nandhi). Rite for prosperity.
Nandi (Nandhi). Siva's bull.
Nandigrama (Nandhigraama). Bharatha's residence during Rama's exile, about 14 miles from Ayodhya.
Nandini (Nandhinee). Fabulous cow of sage Vasishta bestowing all desires.
Nandiswara (Nandheeshvara). God, Lord of all creatures; Siva.
nara. Man; divine man; primeval man, human being.
Nara. One of Dharma's twin sons Nara and Narayana, two incarnations of Vishnu.
naraakaara. Human form.
Narada (Naaradha). Sage-bard; traveled the world chanting Narayana. Famous for creating disputes, resulting in solutions for the spiritual advancement or victory of the virtuous. Expert in law and author of texts on dharma.
Narada Bhakthi Sutra (Naaradha Bhakthi Suuthra). A text of aphorisms on bhakthi (devotion); attributed to the celestial sage Narada.
Narada-parivrajaka Upanishad (Naaradha-parivraajaka Upanishath). The sage-mendicant Narada's Upanishad.
Naraka. Immensely powerful demon son of Earth and Hiranyaksha; killed by Krishna. Naraka stole Indra's mother's earrings and Indra's umbrella.
Narantaka (Naraanthaka). Demon son of Ravana.
Narasimha. Man-lion. One of the ten Avatars of Vishnu.
Narayana (Naaraayana). The Primal Person, the Lord, Vishnu.
Narayana (Naaraayana). One of Dharma's twin sons Nara and Narayana, two incarnations of Vishnu.
Narmada (Narmadha). Famous holy river of central India.
narothama (narotthama). Best of humans.
nasthika (naasthika). Atheist.
nazar. Gift (in Urdu).
neem. The margosa tree, which exudes a tenacious gum, has a bitter bark, and its fruit and seeds have medicinal properties.
neethi. Moral standards.
nethi. Not this.
nidaana (nidhaana). Slow and sure.
nidaana-vathi (nidhaana-vathi). Step by step.
nidi-dhyasana (nidhi-dhyaasana). Inner concentration, profound meditation.
nidra (nidhraa). Sleep.
nidra-jith (nidhraa-jith). Enslaved by sleep.
Nigamaagama. That which has come or originated; a name for Veda.
Nikumbala. Garden where many demons did penance.
Nikumbha. A very powerful demon, Kumbhakarna's son.
Nila (Neela). A monkey-chief, the son of Agni; he wanted to jump over the ocean to get to Lanka.
Nilagiri (Neelagiri) Mountains. Mountains in the region called Ilavritha of Jambu Island.
Nimi. Son of Ikshvaku and father of Mithi, who founded Mithila on the banks of the Ganga.
nimitta (nimittha). Efficient.
nimitta-karana (nimittha-kaarana). Instrumental cause.
nir-aakaara. The state of formlessness.
nir-aakaara-upasana (-upaasana). You-without-form.
nir-aham-kara (-aham-kaara). Egolessness.
nir-avayava. Without parts, indivisible.
nir-dheshya. To be described.
nir-guna. Without qualities, attributeless.
nir-gunopasana (nir-gunopaasana). Contemplation on the formless Supreme.
nir-mala. Without blemish, pure.
nir-mama. Not mine.
nir-vana (-vaana). Freedom, liberation from cycle of birth and death.
nir-vichara (-vichaara). Not amenable to intellectual analysis.
nir-vikalpa. Undifferentiated, without ideation.
nir-vikalpa-mounam. Silence without agitation or ideation.
nir-vikalpa-samadhi (-samaadhi). Undifferentiated deep communion, transcendental absorption.
nir-vikara (-vikaara). Changeless; without transformation.
nir-vishaya. Contentless, objectless.
nir-vitharka. Not amenable to arguments or logic; transcends such logics.
Nishada (Nishaadha). Country near the Himalayas, governed by Nala.
nish-chitha-jnana (-jnaana). Incontrovertible wisdom.
nish-kala. Having no parts.
nish-kama-karma (-kaama-karma). Renunciation of the fruit of action.
nish-kama-seva (-kaama-seva). Selfless service.
nish-kriya. Without activity.
nishta (nishtha). Regulated behaviour, excellence, discipline.
nithya. Eternal, permanent.
nithya-ananda (-aanandha). Eternal bliss.
nithya-anushtana (-anushthaana). Rites and vows prescribed for daily adherence.
nithya-karma. Necessary duty.
nithya-swayam-prakasa (-svayam-prakaasha). Eternally self-effulgent.
nivaasa. Living place, home.
nivarini (nivaarinee). Dispelling.
nivritti (nivritthi). Withdrawal, detachment, renunciation.
niyama. Control of the outer senses.
niyathi. Fixed order of things; destiny; fate.
nuthana (nuuthana). New.
Nyaya Sastra (Nyaaya Shaasthra). System of logical philosophy delivered by Gautama, which uses syllogistic inference.
ojas. Heroism, power.
Om. Designation of the Universal Brahman; sacred, primordial sound of the Universe.
Omkara (Omkaara). The form of AUM, or Om.
Om Tat Sat (Om Thath Sat). A mantra; it expresses the identity of the individual and the Universal Brahman.
oordhwa (uurdhva). Above, higher.
Oordhwa (Uurdhva). A name for Lord Sun in the Rig-veda.